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  1. Research article

    Comparative analyses of glycerotoxin expression unveil a novel structural organization of the bloodworm venom system

    We present the first molecular characterization of glycerotoxin (GLTx), a potent neurotoxin found in the venom of the bloodworm Glycera tridactyla (Glyceridae, Annelida). Within the animal kingdom, GLTx shows a u...

    Sandy Richter, Conrad Helm, Frederic A. Meunier, Lars Hering, Lahcen I. Campbell, Stephan H. Drukewitz, Eivind A. B. Undheim, Ronald A. Jenner, Giampietro Schiavo and Christoph Bleidorn

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:64

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Digging up the roots of an insular hotspot of genetic diversity: decoupled mito-nuclear histories in the evolution of the Corsican-Sardinian endemic lizard Podarcis tiliguerta

    Mediterranean islands host a disproportionately high level of biodiversity and endemisms. Growing phylogeographic evidence on island endemics has unveiled unexpectedly complex patterns of intra-island diversif...

    Daniele Salvi, Catarina Pinho and D. James Harris

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:63

    Published on: 2 March 2017

  3. Research article

    By more ways than one: Rapid convergence at hydrothermal vents shown by 3D anatomical reconstruction of Gigantopelta (Mollusca: Neomphalina)

    Extreme environments prompt the evolution of characteristic adaptations. Yet questions remain about whether radiations in extreme environments originate from a single lineage that masters a key adaptive pathwa...

    Chong Chen, Katsuyuki Uematsu, Katrin Linse and Julia D. Sigwart

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:62

    Published on: 1 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Clock-dated phylogeny for 48% of the 700 species of Crotalaria (Fabaceae–Papilionoideae) resolves sections worldwide and implies conserved flower and leaf traits throughout its pantropical range

    With some 700 species, the pantropical Crotalaria is among the angiosperm’s largest genera. We sampled 48% of the species from all sections (and representatives of the 15 remaining Crotalarieae genera) for nuclea...

    Alexander Rockinger, Andréia Silva Flores and Susanne S. Renner

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:61

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  5. Research Article

    Evolution of evolvability and phenotypic plasticity in virtual cells

    Changing environmental conditions pose a challenge for the survival of species. To meet this challenge organisms adapt their phenotype by physiological regulation (phenotypic plasticity) or by evolving. Regula...

    Thomas D. Cuypers, Jacob P. Rutten and Paulien Hogeweg

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:60

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Conserved patterns of integrated developmental plasticity in a group of polyphenic tropical butterflies

    Developmental plasticity is thought to have profound macro-evolutionary effects, for example, by increasing the probability of establishment in new environments and subsequent divergence into independently evo...

    Erik van Bergen, Dave Osbaldeston, Ullasa Kodandaramaiah, Oskar Brattström, Kwaku Aduse-Poku and Paul M. Brakefield

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:59

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  7. Research article

    Variation in rates of spontaneous male production within the nematode species Pristionchus pacificus supports an adaptive role for males and outcrossing

    The nematode species Pristionchus pacificus has an androdioecious mating system in which populations consist of self-fertilizing hermaphrodites and relatively few males. The prevalence of males in such a system i...

    Katy Morgan, Angela McGaughran, Christian Rödelsperger and Ralf J. Sommer

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:57

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Very high MHC Class IIB diversity without spatial differentiation in the mediterranean population of greater Flamingos

    Selective pressure from pathogens is thought to shape the allelic diversity of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes in vertebrates. In particular, both local adaptation to pathogens and gene flow are t...

    Mark A. F. Gillingham, Arnaud Béchet, Alexandre Courtiol, Manuel Rendón-Martos, Juan A. Amat, Boudjéma Samraoui, Ortaç Onmuş, Simone Sommer and Frank Cézilly

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:56

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  9. Research article

    Genome data on the extinct Bison schoetensacki establish it as a sister species of the extant European bison (Bison bonasus)

    The European bison (Bison bonasus), now found in Europe and the Caucasus, has been proposed to originate either from the extinct steppe/extant American bison lineage or from the extinct Bison schoetensacki lineag...

    Pauline Palacio, Véronique Berthonaud, Claude Guérin, Josie Lambourdière, Frédéric Maksud, Michel Philippe, Delphine Plaire, Thomas Stafford, Marie-Claude Marsolier-Kergoat and Jean-Marc Elalouf

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:48

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  10. Research

    Genomic landscape of CpG rich elements in human

    The studies on CpG islands (CGI) and Alu elements functions, evolution, and distribution in the genome started since the discovery in nineteen eighties (1981, 1986, correspondingly). Their highly skewed genome...

    Vladimir N. Babenko, Irina V. Chadaeva and Yuriy L. Orlov

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 1):19

    Published on: 7 February 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 1

  11. Research article

    Grandparental immune priming in the pipefish Syngnathus typhle

    Phenotypic changes in response to environmental influences can persist from one generation into the next. In many systems parental parasite experience influences offspring immune responses, known as transgener...

    Anne Beemelmanns and Olivia Roth

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:44

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  12. Research

    Molecular cytogenetic analysis reveals the existence of two independent neo-XY sex chromosome systems in Anatolian Pamphagidae grasshoppers

    Neo-XY sex chromosome determination is a rare event in short horned grasshoppers, but it appears with unusual frequency in the Pamphagidae family. The neo-Y chromosomes found in several species appear to have ...

    Ilyas Yerkinovich Jetybayev, Alexander Gennadievich Bugrov, Mustafa Ünal, Olesya Georgievna Buleu and Nikolay Borisovich Rubtsov

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 1):20

    Published on: 7 February 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 1

  13. Research

    Genomic exaptation enables Lasius niger adaptation to urban environments

    The world is rapidly urbanizing, and only a subset of species are able to succeed in stressful city environments. Efficient genome-enabled stress response appears to be a likely prerequisite for urban adaptati...

    Evgenii A. Konorov, Mikhail A. Nikitin, Kirill V Mikhailov, Sergey N. Lysenkov, Mikhail Belenky, Peter L. Chang, Sergey V. Nuzhdin and Victoria A. Scobeyeva

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 1):39

    Published on: 7 February 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 1

  14. Research article

    Susceptibility to type 2 diabetes may be modulated by haplotypes in G6PC2, a target of positive selection

    The endoplasmic reticulum enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase catalyzes the common terminal reaction in the gluconeogenic/glycogenolytic pathways and plays a central role in glucose homeostasis. In most mammals, diff...

    Nasser M. Al-Daghri, Chiara Pontremoli, Rachele Cagliani, Diego Forni, Majed S. Alokail, Omar S. Al-Attas, Shaun Sabico, Stefania Riva, Mario Clerici and Manuela Sironi

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:43

    Published on: 7 February 2017

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