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  1. Research article

    Evolution of group I introns in Porifera: new evidence for intron mobility and implications for DNA barcoding

    Mitochondrial introns intermit coding regions of genes and feature characteristic secondary structures and splicing mechanisms. In metazoans, mitochondrial introns have only been detected in sponges, cnidarian...

    Astrid Schuster, Jose V. Lopez, Leontine E. Becking, Michelle Kelly, Shirley A. Pomponi, Gert Wörheide, Dirk Erpenbeck and Paco Cárdenas

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:82

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Ancestral and novel roles of Pax family genes in mollusks

    Pax genes are transcription factors with significant roles in cell fate specification and tissue differentiation during animal ontogeny. Most information on their tempo-spatial mode of expression is available ...

    Maik Scherholz, Emanuel Redl, Tim Wollesen, André Luiz de Oliveira, Christiane Todt and Andreas Wanninger

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:81

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Late Danubian mitochondrial genomes shed light into the Neolithisation of Central Europe in the 5th millennium BC

    Recent aDNA studies are progressively focusing on various Neolithic and Hunter - Gatherer (HG) populations, providing arguments in favor of major migrations accompanying European Neolithisation. The major focu...

    Maciej Chyleński, Anna Juras, Edvard Ehler, Helena Malmström, Janusz Piontek, Mattias Jakobsson, Arkadiusz Marciniak and Miroslawa Dabert

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:80

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Ruminant-specific multiple duplication events of PRDM9 before speciation

    Understanding the genetic and evolutionary mechanisms of speciation genes in sexually reproducing organisms would provide important insights into mammalian reproduction and fitness. PRDM9, a widely known speci...

    Abinash Padhi, Botong Shen, Jicai Jiang, Yang Zhou, George E. Liu and Li Ma

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:79

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  5. Research article

    Duplication and concerted evolution of MiSp-encoding genes underlie the material properties of minor ampullate silks of cobweb weaving spiders

    Orb-web weaving spiders and their relatives use multiple types of task-specific silks. The majority of spider silk studies have focused on the ultra-tough dragline silk synthesized in major ampullate glands, b...

    Jannelle M. Vienneau-Hathaway, Elizabeth R. Brassfield, Amanda Kelly Lane, Matthew A. Collin, Sandra M. Correa-Garhwal, Thomas H. Clarke, Evelyn E. Schwager, Jessica E. Garb, Cheryl Y. Hayashi and Nadia A. Ayoub

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:78

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Comprehensive transcriptomic analysis of Tibetan Schizothoracinae fish Gymnocypris przewalskii reveals how it adapts to a high altitude aquatic life

    Understanding the genetic basis of adaptation to high altitude life is of paramount importance for preserving and managing genetic diversity in highland animals. This objective has been addressed mainly in ter...

    Chao Tong, Tian Fei, Cunfang Zhang and Kai Zhao

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:74

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  7. Research article

    Spatial turnover in host-plant availability drives host-associated divergence in a South African leafhopper (Cephalelus uncinatus)

    The evolution of reproductive isolation between herbivorous insect populations is often initiated by shifts to novel host-plants, a process that underlies some of the best examples of ecological speciation. Ho...

    Willem J. Augustyn, Bruce Anderson, Jeroen F. van der Merwe and Allan G. Ellis

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:72

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  8. Research article

    Asymmetric cellular memory in bacteria exposed to antibiotics

    The ability to form a cellular memory and use it for cellular decision-making could help bacteria to cope with recurrent stress conditions. We analyzed whether bacteria would form a cellular memory specificall...

    Roland Mathis and Martin Ackermann

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:73

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  9. Research article

    Low genetic but high morphological variation over more than 1000 km coastline refutes omnipresence of cryptic diversity in marine nematodes

    The resilience of ecosystems to negative impacts is generally higher when high gene flow, species diversity and genetic diversity are present. Population genetic studies are suitable to investigate genetic div...

    Daniel Apolônio Silva de Oliveira, Wilfrida Decraemer, Tom Moens, Giovanni Amadeu Paiva dos Santos and Sofie Derycke

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:71

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Implications of hepatitis C virus subtype 1a migration patterns for virus genetic sequencing policies in Italy

    In-depth phylogeographic analysis can reveal migration patterns relevant for public health planning. Here, as a model, we focused on the provenance, in the current Italian HCV subtype 1a epidemic, of the NS3 r...

    Lize Cuypers, Bram Vrancken, Lavinia Fabeni, Nadia Marascio, Valeria Cento, Velia Chiara Di Maio, Marianna Aragri, Andrea Clemencia Pineda-Peña, Yoeri Schrooten, Kristel Van Laethem, Daniel Balog, Alfredo Focà, Carlo Torti, Frederik Nevens, Carlo Federico Perno, Anne-Mieke Vandamme…

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:70

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  11. Research article

    Genetic basis of allochronic differentiation in the fall armyworm

    Very little is known on how changes in circadian rhythms evolve. The noctuid moth Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) consists of two strains that exhibit allochronic differentiation in their mating ti...

    Sabine Hänniger, Pascaline Dumas, Gerhard Schöfl, Steffi Gebauer-Jung, Heiko Vogel, Melanie Unbehend, David G. Heckel and Astrid T. Groot

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:68

    Published on: 6 March 2017

  12. Research article

    Strain-dependent mutational effects for Pepino mosaic virus in a natural host

    Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) is an emerging plant pathogen that infects tomatoes worldwide. Understanding the factors that influence its evolutionary success is essential for developing...

    Julia Minicka, Santiago F. Elena, Natasza Borodynko-Filas, Błażej Rubiś and Beata Hasiów-Jaroszewska

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:67

    Published on: 6 March 2017

  13. Research article

    Conservation of estrogen receptor function in invertebrate reproduction

    Rotifers are microscopic aquatic invertebrates that reproduce both sexually and asexually. Though rotifers are phylogenetically distant from humans, and have specialized reproductive physiology, this work iden...

    Brande L. Jones, Chris Walker, Bahareh Azizi, Laren Tolbert, Loren Dean Williams and Terry W. Snell

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:65

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  14. Research article

    Comparative analyses of glycerotoxin expression unveil a novel structural organization of the bloodworm venom system

    We present the first molecular characterization of glycerotoxin (GLTx), a potent neurotoxin found in the venom of the bloodworm Glycera tridactyla (Glyceridae, Annelida). Within the animal kingdom, GLTx shows a u...

    Sandy Richter, Conrad Helm, Frederic A. Meunier, Lars Hering, Lahcen I. Campbell, Stephan H. Drukewitz, Eivind A. B. Undheim, Ronald A. Jenner, Giampietro Schiavo and Christoph Bleidorn

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:64

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  15. Research article

    Digging up the roots of an insular hotspot of genetic diversity: decoupled mito-nuclear histories in the evolution of the Corsican-Sardinian endemic lizard Podarcis tiliguerta

    Mediterranean islands host a disproportionately high level of biodiversity and endemisms. Growing phylogeographic evidence on island endemics has unveiled unexpectedly complex patterns of intra-island diversif...

    Daniele Salvi, Catarina Pinho and D. James Harris

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:63

    Published on: 2 March 2017

  16. Research article

    By more ways than one: Rapid convergence at hydrothermal vents shown by 3D anatomical reconstruction of Gigantopelta (Mollusca: Neomphalina)

    Extreme environments prompt the evolution of characteristic adaptations. Yet questions remain about whether radiations in extreme environments originate from a single lineage that masters a key adaptive pathwa...

    Chong Chen, Katsuyuki Uematsu, Katrin Linse and Julia D. Sigwart

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:62

    Published on: 1 March 2017

  17. Research article

    Clock-dated phylogeny for 48% of the 700 species of Crotalaria (Fabaceae–Papilionoideae) resolves sections worldwide and implies conserved flower and leaf traits throughout its pantropical range

    With some 700 species, the pantropical Crotalaria is among the angiosperm’s largest genera. We sampled 48% of the species from all sections (and representatives of the 15 remaining Crotalarieae genera) for nuclea...

    Alexander Rockinger, Andréia Silva Flores and Susanne S. Renner

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:61

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  18. Research Article

    Evolution of evolvability and phenotypic plasticity in virtual cells

    Changing environmental conditions pose a challenge for the survival of species. To meet this challenge organisms adapt their phenotype by physiological regulation (phenotypic plasticity) or by evolving. Regula...

    Thomas D. Cuypers, Jacob P. Rutten and Paulien Hogeweg

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:60

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  19. Research article

    Conserved patterns of integrated developmental plasticity in a group of polyphenic tropical butterflies

    Developmental plasticity is thought to have profound macro-evolutionary effects, for example, by increasing the probability of establishment in new environments and subsequent divergence into independently evo...

    Erik van Bergen, Dave Osbaldeston, Ullasa Kodandaramaiah, Oskar Brattström, Kwaku Aduse-Poku and Paul M. Brakefield

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:59

    Published on: 27 February 2017

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