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  1. Research article

    Phylogenomic analyses of Crassiclitellata support major Northern and Southern Hemisphere clades and a Pangaean origin for earthworms

    Earthworms (Crassiclitellata) are a diverse group of annelids of substantial ecological and economic importance. Earthworms are primarily terrestrial infaunal animals, and as such are probably rather poor natu...

    Frank E. Anderson, Bronwyn W. Williams, Kevin M. Horn, Christer Erséus, Kenneth M. Halanych, Scott R. Santos and Samuel W. James

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:123

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  2. Research article

    Microevolution of the noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) in the Southern Balkan Peninsula

    The noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) displays a complex historical and contemporary genetic status in Europe. The species divergence has been shaped by geological events (i.e. Pleistocene glaciations) and humanly...

    Anastasia Laggis, Athanasios D. Baxevanis, Alexandra Charalampidou, Stefania Maniatsi, Alexander Triantafyllidis and Theodore J. Abatzopoulos

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:122

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  3. Research article

    Impact of e-publication changes in the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants (Melbourne Code, 2012) - did we need to “run for our lives”?

    At the Nomenclature Section of the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne, Australia (IBC), the botanical community voted to allow electronic publication of nomenclatural acts for algae, fungi and...

    Nicky Nicolson, Katherine Challis, Allan Tucker and Sandra Knapp

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:116

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  4. Research article

    Evolutionary radiations in the species-rich mountain genus Saxifraga L.

    A large number of taxa have undergone evolutionary radiations in mountainous areas, rendering alpine systems particularly suitable to study the extrinsic and intrinsic factors that have shaped diversification ...

    J. Ebersbach, J. Schnitzler, A. Favre and A.N. Muellner-Riehl

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:119

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  5. Research article

    Carriers of mitochondrial DNA macrohaplogroup R colonized Eurasia and Australasia from a southeast Asia core area

    The colonization of Eurasia and Australasia by African modern humans has been explained, nearly unanimously, as the result of a quick southern coastal dispersal route through the Arabian Peninsula, the Indian ...

    Jose M Larruga, Patricia Marrero, Khaled K Abu-Amero, Maria V Golubenko and Vicente M Cabrera

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:115

    Published on: 23 May 2017

  6. Research article

    Baseline and stress-induced levels of corticosterone in male and female Afrotropical and European temperate stonechats during breeding

    Latitudinal variation in avian life histories falls along a slow-fast pace of life continuum: tropical species produce small clutches, but have a high survival probability, while in temperate species the oppos...

    Beate Apfelbeck, Barbara Helm, Juan Carlos Illera, Kim G. Mortega, Patrick Smiddy and Neil P. Evans

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:114

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  7. Research article

    RUNX2 repeat variation does not drive craniofacial diversity in marsupials

    Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) is a transcription factor essential for skeletal development. Variation within the RUNX2 polyglutamine / polyalanine (QA) repeat is correlated with facial length within...

    Axel H. Newton, Charles Y. Feigin and Andrew J. Pask

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:110

    Published on: 4 May 2017

  8. Research article

    Signatures of co-evolutionary host-pathogen interactions in the genome of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema carpocapsae

    The entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema carpocapsae has been used worldwide as a biocontrol agent for insect pests, making it an interesting model for understanding parasite-host interactions. Two models propos...

    Mitzi Flores-Ponce, Miguel Vallebueno-Estrada, Eduardo González-Orozco, Hilda E. Ramos-Aboites, J. Noé García-Chávez, Nelson Simões and Rafael Montiel

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:108

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  9. Research article

    The protein subunit of telomerase displays patterns of dynamic evolution and conservation across different metazoan taxa

    Most animals employ telomerase, which consists of a catalytic subunit known as the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) and an RNA template, to maintain telomere ends. Given the importance of TERT and telom...

    Alvina G. Lai, Natalia Pouchkina-Stantcheva, Alessia Di Donfrancesco, Gerda Kildisiute, Sounak Sahu and A. Aziz Aboobaker

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:107

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  10. Research article

    A passive mutualistic interaction promotes the evolution of spatial structure within microbial populations

    While mutualistic interactions between different genotypes are pervasive in nature, their evolutionary origin is not clear. The dilemma is that, for mutualistic interactions to emerge and persist, an investmen...

    Marie Marchal, Felix Goldschmidt, Selina N. Derksen-Müller, Sven Panke, Martin Ackermann and David R. Johnson

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:106

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  11. Research article

    The phylogeny of fossil whip spiders

    Arachnids are a highly successful group of land-dwelling arthropods. They are major contributors to modern terrestrial ecosystems, and have a deep evolutionary history. Whip spiders (Arachnida, Amblypygi), are...

    Russell J. Garwood, Jason A. Dunlop, Brian J. Knecht and Thomas A. Hegna

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:105

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  12. Research article

    Karyotypic evolution of the Medicago complex: sativa-caerulea-falcata inferred from comparative cytogenetic analysis

    Polyploidy plays an important role in the adaptation and speciation of plants. The alteration of karyotype is a significant event during polyploidy formation. The Medicago sativa complex includes both diploid (2n...

    Feng Yu, Haiqing Wang, Yanyan Zhao, Ruijuan Liu, Quanwen Dou, Jiangli Dong and Tao Wang

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:104

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  13. Research article

    Fitness costs of symbiont switching using entomopathogenic nematodes as a model

    Steinernematid nematodes form obligate symbioses with bacteria from the genus Xenorhabdus. Together Steinernema nematodes and their bacterial symbionts successfully infect, kill, utilize, and exit their insect ho...

    John G. McMullen, Brittany F. Peterson, Steven Forst, Heidi Goodrich Blair and S. Patricia Stock

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:100

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Natural selection drove metabolic specialization of the chromatophore in Paulinella chromatophora

    Genome degradation of host-restricted mutualistic endosymbionts has been attributed to inactivating mutations and genetic drift while genes coding for host-relevant functions are conserved by purifying selecti...

    Cecilio Valadez-Cano, Roberto Olivares-Hernández, Osbaldo Resendis-Antonio, Alexander DeLuna and Luis Delaye

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:99

    Published on: 14 April 2017

  15. Research article

    Tripartite species interaction: eukaryotic hosts suffer more from phage susceptible than from phage resistant bacteria

    Evolutionary shifts in bacterial virulence are often associated with a third biological player, for instance temperate phages, that can act as hyperparasites. By integrating as prophages into the bacterial gen...

    Carolin C. Wendling, Agnes Piecyk, Dominik Refardt, Cynthia Chibani, Robert Hertel, Heiko Liesegang, Boyke Bunk, Jörg Overmann and Olivia Roth

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:98

    Published on: 11 April 2017

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