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Figure 4 | BMC Evolutionary Biology

Figure 4

From: Sex-biased dispersal promotes adaptive parental effects

Figure 4

Minimum pollen or male dispersal values needed for Z m to reach 0.05, as a function of seed or female dispersal. For similar seed or female dispersal, much higher male than pollen dispersal values are needed to exert the same selective pressure in favor of maternal effects, illustrating the high propensity of plants to evolve maternal effects.

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