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Table 1 Eukaryotic organisms with no identifiable PARP genes in their nuclear genomes.

From: Evolutionary history of the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase gene family in eukaryotes

Eukaryotic Supergroup Rank Species Citation or sequencing group
Plantae    
  Chlorophyta   
   Chlorella vulgaris JGI
   Ostreococcus lucimarinus [162]
   Micromonas pusilla JGI
  Red algae   
   Guillardia theta JGI
   Hemiselmis andersenii NCBI
   Cyanidioschyzon merolae [163]
Opisthokonts    
  Fungi   
   Saccharomyces cerevisiae [164]
   Schizosaccharomyces pombe [165]
   Pichia stipitis [166]
   Heterobasidion annosum JGI
   Melampsora laricis-populina JGI
   Phycomyces blakesleeanus JGI
   Candida albicans [167]
   Sporobolomyces roseus JGI
Chromalveolates    
  Diatoms   
   Phaeodactylum tricornutum [168]
   Thalassiosira pseudonana [169]
  Brown algae   
   Aureococcus anophagefferens JGI
Excavates    
  Diplomonads   
   Giardia intestinalis [170]
   Spironucleus vortens JGI
  1. Species listed have had their genomes individually searched by BLAST to determine if any PARP proteins were present. NCBI, National Center for Biotechnology Information; JGI, Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute.