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Table 3 Results of Mantel and Partial Mantel tests at different levels of NRY and mtDNA analysis using various distance matrices.

From: Little genetic differentiation as assessed by uniparental markers in the presence of substantial language variation in peoples of the Cross River region of Nigeria

    Genetic distance matrix type calculated
    NRY UEP-based F ST NRY UEP+ms-based F ST NRY Microsatellite-based R ST mtDNA VSO-based F ST mtDNA VSO-based K2
Correlation Analysis type Groups utilised R P-value R P-value R P-value R P-value R P-value
Mantel   Cross River + Cameroon + Ghana 0.382 0.004$ 0.182 0.141 0.235 0.055 0.300 0.037* 0.432 <0.001#
  Geography Nigeria (Includes IG-N and IG-E) 0.450 0.005$ 0.377 0.024* 0.079 0.258 0.098 0.214 0.142 0.175
   Cross River 0.022 0.360 -0.049 0.688 0.008 0.460 -0.033 0.659 0.018 0.378
   Cross River + Cameroon + Ghana 0.341 0.001# 0.391 <0.001# 0.317 0.002$ 0.372 <0.001# 0.347 <0.001#
  Linguistics Nigeria (Includes IG-N and IG-E) 0.217 0.049* 0.414 0.001$ 0.111 0.160 0.113 0.146 0.080 0.260
   Cross River -0.014 0.499 0.305 0.036* 0.067 0.293 0.074 0.271 -0.015 0.513
Partial Mantel   Cross River + Cameroon + Ghana 0.235 0.036* -0.073 0.6736 0.057 0.318 0.103 0.191 0.298 0.008$
  Geography controlling Linguistics Nigeria (Includes IG-N and IG-E) 0.404 0.007$ 0.225 0.090 0.029 0.403 0.051 0.343 0.119 0.197
   Cross River 0.028 0.359 -0.148 0.962 -0.011 0.549 -0.056 0.753 0.023 0.379
   Cross River + Cameroon + Ghana 0.149 0.088 0.358 0.003$ 0.227 0.028* 0.251 0.015* 0.120 0.121
  Linguistics controlling Geography Nigeria (Includes IG-N and IG-E) 0.004 0.464 0.288 0.023* 0.084 0.225 0.076 0.236 0.014 0.438
   Cross River -0.021 0.500 0.333 0.028* 0.067 0.293 0.087 0.233 -0.021 0.523
  1. Significance code is the same as Table 2.