Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Figure 1 | BMC Evolutionary Biology

Figure 1

From: Early evolution of the biotin-dependent carboxylase family

Figure 1

Schematic diagram showing the reaction catalyzed by the biotin protein ligase (BPL) and the general mechanism shared by the biotin-dependent carboxylases. Biotin (in green) is first activated to biotinyl-5'-AMP by BPL, then it is transferred by the same enzyme to a biotin carboxyl carrier protein (BCCP). Biotin-dependent carboxylases (in purple) are made up of a biotin carboxylase domain (BC), a carboxyl transferase domain (CT) and the BCCP. The BC domain fixes a CO2 molecule to the BCCP-bound biotin and then the CT component binds the carboxyl group to its specific substrate.

Back to article page