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Table 3 Key characters among forest species in the Coccinia barteri clade, illustrating the high level of morphological differentiation among close relatives (Figure 1 and 2)

From: A dated phylogeny and collection records reveal repeated biome shifts in the African genus Coccinia(Cucurbitaceae)

Species / accession Male raceme morphology Bracts Calyx teeth Fruit shape Other characters
C. mildbraedii Condensed on long stalk No Upright, short, acute Long cylindrical Tendrils bifid
C. keayana Lax, many-flowered No Erect-reflexed, long, narrow Ovoid Tendrils simple
C. longicarpa Condensed No Erect-upright, broad Long cylindrical Tendrils simple (rarely bifid)
C. heterophylla Condensed (rarely also lax) Yes Upright, long subulate Ovoid Tendrils bifid
C. subsessiliflora Condensed, few-flowered Yes Upright, short, acute Ovoid Tendrils simple; leaves more deeply lobate than in other species
C. racemiflora Lax, many-flowered No Erect-upright, slightly fleshy, short, narrow Ovoid Tendrils bifid
C. barteri (type morph) Condensed, many-flowered Yes Upright, short, acute Ovoid Tendrils simple or bifid
C. barteri 7-like Condensed Yes Reflexed, fleshy, short Ovoid Tendrils simple or bifid
C. barteri 2 Condensed, few-flowered No Erect-reflexed, short, subulate Ovoid Tendrils bifid
C. barteri 4 Condensed, few-flowered Yes Upright, short, acute ? Tendrils simple or bifid
C. barteri 5 Condensed, few-flowered No Erect, short, acute ? Tendrils simple
C. barteri 6 (xracemiflora?) Condensed, but pedicels rather long No Upright, short, acute ? Tendrils bifid