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Table 2 Diversity Indices and Neutrality tests for geographical region Beringia, North America, Central America and South America based on mtDNA coding region (np 577 - 16023) sequences.

From: Large scale mitochondrial sequencing in Mexican Americans suggests a reappraisal of Native American origins

Population/Geographic Region n b Nucleotide Diversity (SD)%c θ k (95% CI) θ s (SD) θ π (SD) Tejima's D P- value d Fu's Fs P- value d
Diversity in geographic regions       
Beringia 66 e 0.0959 (0.0482) 14.198 (8.4 - 23.4) 11.136 (3.241) 14.811 (7.441) 1.021 0.892 0.448 0.645
North America f 73 0.1747 (0.0858) 1338.057 (469.4 - 4380.0) 56.465 (14.649) 27.006 (13.258) -2.042 0.004 -24.041 0.000
Central America f 139a 0.1735 (0.0846) 917.489 (532.7 - 1664.5) 70.373 (16.098) 26.820 (13.079) -2.195 0.000 -23.787 0.004
South America f 75 0.1834 (0.0899) 413.514 (203.6 - 908.3) 52.168 (13.563) 28.326 (13.890) -1.847 0.011 -24.048 0.001
Within haplogroup diversity in respective geographic regions     
HaplogroupA2     
North America 29 0.0615 (0.0323) 415.445 (108.5 - 1745.1) 24.485 (7.837) 9.494 (4.986) -2.569 0.000 -21.684 0.000
Central America 86 0.0495 (0.0258) 465.938 (239.7 - 972.2) 40.591 (10.376) 7.651 (3.991) -2.816 0.000 -24.854 0.000
South America 17 0.0602 (0.0326) 141.445 (36.0 - 601.3) 21.001 (7.691) 9.294 (5.029) -2.376 0.001 -9.819 0.001
Haplogroup B2         
North America 18 0.0668 (0.0358) 158.779 (40.6 - 673.9) 20.351 (7.364) 10.320 (5.525) -2.471 0.000 -10.079 0.001
Central America 55 0.0539 (0.0281) 261.236 (120.8 - 614.9) 28.850 (8.115) 8.330 (4.346) -2.598 0.000 -24.826 0.000
B2 South America 22 0.0586 (0.0313) 216.779 (55.9 - 916.5) 18.928 (6.565) 9.048 (4.832) -2.415 0.000 -12.381 0.000
Haplogroup C1         
North America 14 0.0487 (0.0271) 82.112 (20.6 - 352.2) 13.836 (5.432) 7.516 (4.193) -1.994 0.009 -5.519 0.005
Central America 61 0.0501 (0.0262) 221.898 (112.1 - 468.9) 27.351 (7.564) 7.741 (4.054) -2.510 0.000 -24.908 0.000
South America 17 0.0527 (0.0288) 57.228 (18.5 - 196.2) 14.790 (5.520) 8.147 (4.451) -1.908 0.017 -5.787 0.012
Haplogroup D1         
North America 12 0.0363 (0.0211) 69.779 (17.4 - 300.2) 10.596 (4.402) 5.606 (3.259) -2.125 0.001 -7.565 0.000
Central America 17 0.0425 (0.0237) 141.445 (36.0 - 601.3) 12.719 (4.796) 6.574 (3.657) -2.235 0.002 -12.457 0.000
South America 19 0.0491 (0.0268) 45.013 (16.5 - 133.6) 12.017 (4.436) 7.591 (4.141) -1.488 0.047 -6.217 0.004
  1. a Randomly selected from total 219 sequences to overcome computational limitation.
  2. b Sample size.
  3. c Nucleotide diversity (standard deviation) multiplied with 100.
  4. d Significant P-values < 0.05 (for Tajima's D) and < 0.02 (for Fu's Fs).
  5. e Samples belonging to sub haplogroups (A2a, A2b and D2) in Chukchi, Eskimos, and Aleuts populations from Siberia and Commander Island.
  6. f Samples belonging to pan American haplogroups (A2, B2, C1 and D1) only
  7. SD: Standard deviation