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Figure 3 | BMC Evolutionary Biology

Figure 3

From: Evolution and loss of long-fringed petals: a case study using a dated phylogeny of the snake gourds, Trichosanthes(Cucurbitaceae)

Figure 3

Chronogram for Trichosanthes and outgroups obtained from the same sequence data as used for Figure1, but modeled under a relaxed molecular clock. Node heights represent mean ages and bars the 95% highest posterior density intervals for nodes that have a posterior probability of ≥ 0.95. Fossil constraints used were: (A) Cucurbitaceae seeds from the London Clay (see Material and Methods ), (B) Trichosanthes seeds from Eocene sediments in Bulgaria [25] and Oligocene sediments in West Siberia [26], and (C) Miocene leaves assigned to Marah. Inset B shows the Bulgarian seeds ([25], Figure thirteen) to the left and Middle Pliocene seeds from Poland ([29], Figures sixteen to seventeen) to the right: Inset C shows the Marah leaf (photos provided by M. Guilliams and D.M. Erwin, University of California, Berkeley).

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