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Table 1 Population morph and mating frequencies for the seven study populations in Spain, Italy and the Netherlands

From: Ontogenetic shifts in male mating preference and morph-specific polyandry in a female colour polymorphic insect

Locality Country Lat Long Date Population frequencies Mating frequencies χ2-value P
  A G A G  
Laxe Spain 43.2125 −8.9554 2007 (7) 49 (152) 51 (158) 51 (217) 49 (211) 0.48 0.49
Laxe Spain    2008 (6) 56 (157) 44 (125) 54 (373) 46 (314) 0.53 0.47
Laxe Spain    2009 (1) 59 (26) 41 (18) 62 (51) 38 (31) 0.328 0.57
     All (14) 53 (335) 47 (301) 54 (641) 46 (556) 0.018 0.89
Doniños Spain 43.2927 −8.1855 2007 (2) 21 (12) 79 (44) 5 (1) 95 (19) 3.212 0.07
Doniños Spain    2008 (1) 37 (10) 63 (17) 13 (2) 87 (13) 3.622 0.06
Doniños Spain    2009 (3) 15 (19) 85 (107) 7 (7) 93 (91) 4.823 0.03
     All (6) 20 (41) 80 (168) 8 (10) 92 (123) 12.344 <0.001
Louro Spain 42.7580 −9.0953 2007 (5) 78 (236) 22 (65) 79 (58) 21 (15) 0.047 0.83
Louro Spain    2008 (6) 76 (158) 24 (49) 74 (29) 26 (10) 0.084 0.77
Louro Spain    2009 (2) 94 (98) 6 (6) 74 (78) 26 (27) 76.789 <0.0001
     All (13) 80 (492) 20 (120) 76 (165) 24 (52) 2.611 0.1061
Canale Reale Italy 40.4200 17.490 2007 (1) 39 (44) 61 (68) 24 (13) 76 (41) 5.234 0.0221
Hilversum [21] Netherlands 52.1326 5.1015 2007 (1) 54 (37) 46 (32) 35 (14) 65 (26) 5.58 0.0182
Koudekerke [21] Netherlands 51.2909 3.3225 2007 (1) 76 (25) 24 (8) 42 (36) 58 (49) 51.624 <0.0001
Zouweboezem [21] Netherlands 51.5705 4.5955 2007 (1) 44 (19) 56 (24) 23 (12) 77 (40) 9.401 0.0022
All      993 721 891 887 44.641 <0.0001
  1. Observed and expected mating frequencies were compared with a χ2-test. A denotes androchrome and G gynochrome females. Morph percentages are given before and morph numbers (N) within brackets.