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Table 1 Geographic locations and the Y-chromosome haplogroup distribution of prehistoric populations in this study

From: Y Chromosome analysis of prehistoric human populations in the West Liao River Valley, Northeast China

Site Culture Time period Age Location Sample size N1(xN1a, N1c) N1c C/C3e O3a (O3a3) O3a3c
Number Frequency Number Frequency Number Frequency Number Frequency Number Frequency
Niuheliang Hongshan Culture Neolithic Age 6500-5000 BP the border of Lingyuan County and Jianping County, Liaoning Province,China 6 4 66.7% 0 0 1(C) 13.7% 1 13.7% 0 0
Halahaigou Xiaoheyan Culture Neolithic Age 5000-4200 BP Yuanbaoshan County,Chifeng city, Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region,China. 12 12 100.0% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dadianzi Lower Xiajiadian Culture Early Bronze Age 4200-3600 BP Aohan Banner,Chifeng city, Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region,China. 5 3 60.0% 0 0 0 0 2 40.0% 0 0
Dashanqian Upper Xiajiadian culture Late Bronze Age 3000-2700 BP Harqin Banner,Chifeng city, Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region,China. 9 1 11.1% 3 33.3% 1(C3e) 11.1% 2 22.2% 2 22.2%
Jinggouzi North nomad Culture Late Bronze Age 3000-2500BP Linxi County,Chifeng city, Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region,China. 12 0 0 0 0 12(C3e)   0 0 0 0
Miaozigou Central Plain Culture Neolithic Age 6000-5000BP Chahar Right Front Banner, Ulanqab, Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region,China. 3 3 100.0% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1. Haplogroups were defined with the Y-SNP typing. Results are described in detail in Additional file 1.