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Figure 5 | BMC Evolutionary Biology

Figure 5

From: Lotka–Volterra dynamics kills the Red Queen: population size fluctuations and associated stochasticity dramatically change host-parasite coevolution

Figure 5

Allele fixation/extinction times for any of the interacting types when we do include a slight interaction between the otherwise independent Lotka-Volterra cycles. As compared to Figure 2 the fixation times in the case without Lotka-Volterra oscillations reduce with slight interaction between independent cycles. However for the case with Lotka-Volterra oscillations the fixation times are practically unchanged. For all simulations the initial condition were H1=H2=N avg /2, P1=90N avg /100, P2=10N avg /100, and the parameters μ=5, c=2.5, b=10/N avg and ε=0.1b with averages over 106 realizations).

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