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Table 1 Chromosome homologies between M. californicus (MCA), A. cultrata (ACU), L. concava (LCO), G. soricina (GSO), and chiropteran ECUs

From: Chromosomal evolution among leaf-nosed nectarivorous bats – evidence from cross-species chromosome painting (Phyllostomidae, Chiroptera)

MCA ACU LCO GSO ECUs
1p 4qp 4p 6q 11a
1q 3q 3q 4q 5a:7b:16b*
2p 7 or 9 3 pt or 7q 6p 2b
2q 7 or 9 7q or 3pd 2q 6a
3p 5q or 2qd 5p 5p 10a
3q 2 qt or 5q 8q 3qd 3a-21^
4p 4qd or 13 6q or 12 7p 3b
4q 4qd or 13 6q or 12 7q 8a
5p 5p 13 12 qt 1c
5q 1 pp 2p 1p 4a:10b*
6p 3p or 2 pt 2qp 9p 17
6q 2 pt or 3p 2 qt 9q 4b:8:19b* (4-8^)
7 10 8p + 5 qt 10 18:20*
8 12 10 11 7a
9 1qi + 14 9 Inv 8p/qp 13a:8b-4c*#
10 8 bi-armed 1p 1q 14a-15a-14b-15b (14-15^)
11 11 bi-armed 1qp 5q 1a-6b *
12 1 pt 4q 2p 2a
13 2qp + 5qi 6p + 8qi 3p/qp 12a-22a^+13b #
14 1 qt 1 qt 4p 9
15 6qd 7p 14 1b
16 1qp + 6 pt 11p/qp 13 16a:19a^
17 1qi 5qp 8 qt 11b-22b-12b*
18 5qp + 6qp 3 pp 12p/qp 5b
19 6 pp 11 qt 15 15c
  1. Evolutionarily conserved units (ECUs) proposed by Volleth et al. [4] as human chromosomes syntenic associations building chiropteran karyotypes (last column). Slash = connection with centromere (/); DASH = connection without centromere (-); Colon = Both possibilities have been found (:). * = Chiroptera specific; ^ = mammalian; a, b, c indicate different segments, “a” being the largest. #=A small HSA13 homologous segment, i.e. 13b, was separated from ECU13:8b-4c, resulting in 13a:8b-4c. Such arrangement has been frequently found in Vespertilioniformes. p: short arm of a bi-armed chromosome; q: long arm; p: proximal part; d distal part; t: terminal part; i: interstitial segment.