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Table 3 Relative distribution of genetic variation among contemporary and historic walleye samples using AMOVA, calculated from mtDNA control region sequence and nuclear DNA μsat data

From: A population genetic window into the past and future of the walleye Sander vitreus: relation to historic walleye and the extinct “blue pike” S. v. “glaucus”

  Control region Microsatellite loci
Source of variation % variation Φ value Mean FST % variation Φ value Mean FST
1. Contemporary (O–P,S–T) vs. historic samples (Q–R) 26.01 0.260 NS 0.260 6.99 0.070 NS 0.167
Among sampling sites within groups 0.00 0.000 NS 0.176 0.87 0.009** 0.030
Within sampling sites 73.98 0.252** --- 92.14 0.079** ---
2. Among northern (A–E,V), Great Lakes (F–U), and southeast (W–Y) regions 12.06 0.121** 0.318 5.07 0.051** 0.129
Among sampling sites within groups 17.64 0.201** 0.238 4.97 0.052** 0.063
Within sampling sites 70.30 0.297** --- 89.96 0.100** ---
3. Among the contemporary 11 drainages (A–P,S–Y) 14.38 0.144** 0.286 4.26 0.043** 0.132
Among sampling sites within drainages 11.07 0.129** 0.158 3.13 0.033** 0.058
Within the sampling sites 74.05 0.254** --- 92.61 0.074** ---
4. Between lake (A–E,G–H,J,O2,P1,S–V) and river (F,I,K–O1,O3–4,P2,W–Y) spawners 0.00 0.000 NS 0.306 0.58 0.006** 0.107
Among sampling sites within groups 24.92 0.247** 0.298 6.59 0.066** 0.100
Within sampling sites 75.08 0.241** --- 92.83 0.071** ---
  1. NS = not significant, ** = significant.