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Figure 3 | BMC Evolutionary Biology

Figure 3

From: Large-scale mitochondrial DNA analysis in Southeast Asia reveals evolutionary effects of cultural isolation in the multi-ethnic population of Myanmar

Figure 3

Multi-dimensional scaling plot of pairwise Fst-values and haplogroup distribution of populations from Myanmar and 12 other Asian regions. A distinct geographic pattern appeared in the multi-dimensional scaling plot (Stress = 0.086; R2 = 0.970) of pairwise Fst-values: The Myanmar sample fitted very well within the Southeast Asian cluster, the Central Asian populations formed a second cluster, the Korean sample represented East Asia, the Afghanistan population was representative for South Asia and Russia symbolized Western Eurasia. The main haplogroup distributions are displayed as pie charts. The size of the pie diagrams corresponds to sample size. The proportion of N-lineages (without A,B and R9’F) increases from very low percentages in Southeast and East Asia over 50% in Central Asia to more than 75% in Afghanistan and 100% in the sample of Russian origin. The proportion of the American founding haplogroups A,B,C and D displayed an interesting pattern: from inexistent in Russians it increased to more than 50% in East Asian Korea.

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