1 Morphology of Cynomorium coccineum (a-e) and Balanophora fungosa (f). a, Habit showing inflorescences emerging from the ground. b, Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of staminate flower. c, SEM of carpellate flower. d, SEM of bisexual flower. e, SEM of pollen. f, SEM of carpellate flowers of Balanophora showing remarkable convergence with those of Cynomorium.