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Table 1 Social structure, linguistic family and genetic diversity in the Hill Tribes

From: Genetic variation in Northern Thailand Hill Tribes: origins and relationships with social structure and linguistic differences

Social structure Population Language familya mtDNA (n) k h π Y-STRs (n) k h π
    380 bp     15 loci    
Matrilocal White Karen ST 31 8 0.735 6.09 19 16 0.983 6.91
  Lahu ST 25 20 0.980 7.73 15 15 1.000 9.25
Patrilocal Akha ST 26 16 0.920 6.34 14 7 0.868 4.40
  Lisu ST 20 11 0.920 6.94 11 7 0.891 6.18
  Hmong HM 14 9 0.934 7.42 7 7 1.000 6.52
  Iu-Mien HM 21 15 0.938 7.38 13 12 0.987 8.70
    304 bp     6 loci    
Matrilocal Red Karenb ST 39 11 0.831 3.88 30 14 0.931 3.57
  White Karenc ST 71 16 0.808 4.37 39 20 0.919 3.10
  Lahuc ST 64 26 0.918 6.01 32 25 0.972 3.89
Patrilocal Akha ST 26 16 0.920 5.55 14 4 0.571 1.38
  Akhab ST 91 24 0.932 5.12 21 5 0.352 0.55
  Lisu ST 20 11 0.916 6.36 11 7 0.891 2.78
  Lisu CRb ST 53 26 0.923 5.12 9 7 0.944 3.22
  Lisu MHSb ST 42 19 0.955 5.73 22 9 0.883 3.19
  Hmong HM 14 9 0.934 6.31 7 6 0.952 3.09
  Iu-Mien HM 21 15 0.938 5.97 13 12 0.987 3.85
  1. Samples description, number of individuals typed for mitochondrial and Y-chromosomal DNA, and standard indices of within-population genetic diversity. The first half of the table refers to the original data typed in this study. The second half of the table refers to the joint dataset (original + published data) used in most analyses.
  2. k: number of haplotypes; h: gene or haplotype diversity; π: mean number of pairwise differences aST = Sino-Tibetan, HM Hmong-Mien; b data only from Oota et al. [5]; c data from Oota et al. [5] and present work.