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Table 2 Results obtained using 8 different AMOVA (Analysis of Molecular Variance) schemes

From: Genetic variation in Northern Thailand Hill Tribes: origins and relationships with social structure and linguistic differences

    mtDNA Y STRs
  n. of populations n. of groups Φst Φct Φst Φct
1. Matrilocal tribes 3 1 0.14*** - 0.05*** -
2. Patrilocal tribes 7 1 0.06*** - 0.36*** -
3. Sino-Tibetan patrilocal tribes 5 1 0.06*** - 0.33*** -
4. Hmong-Mien patrilocal tribes 2 1 0.05* - 0.13* -
5. Patrilocal tribes, Sino-Tibetan vs. Hmong-Mien 7 2 0.06*** 0.0 0.34*** -0.05
6. All tribes, Sino-Tibetan vs. Hmong-Mien 10 2 0.09*** 0.0 0.17*** -0.01
7. Sino-Tibetan tribes, matrilocal vs. patrilocal 8 2 0.09*** -0.01 0.18*** -0.03
8. All tribes, matrilocal vs. patrilocal 10 2 0.09*** 0.0 0.17*** -0.04
  1. The results obtained with AMOVA assuming different groups of populations, or different hierarchical levels, are provided as Φ st (index of divergence between populations) and Φ ct (index of divergence between groups) statistics. ***p < 0.001; *p < 0.05.