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Figure 3 | BMC Evolutionary Biology

Figure 3

From: Unexpected presence of Fagus orientalis complex in Italy as inferred from 45,000-year-old DNA pollen samples from Venice lagoon

Figure 3

Haplotype network. Haplotype network for the chloroplast DNA haplotypes of Fagus spp. and of fossil material. Each line in the network represents a single mutation change. An haplotype is represented by a circle, and each haplotype is identify by a number. Empty circles indicate intermediate haplotypes that are not present in the sample but are necessary to link all observed haplotypes to the network.

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