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Table 2 Divergence times.

From: Unexpected presence of Fagus orientalis complex in Italy as inferred from 45,000-year-old DNA pollen samples from Venice lagoon

  t (95% CI) TMRCA
'F. orientalis complex' vs 'F. sylvatica': slow 5,738,173 (6,230,016-2,131,321) 8,033,442
'F. orientalis complex' vs 'F. sylvatica': fast 1,700,992 (1,846,715-631,773) 2,381,291
  1. Estimated divergence times, t, between the group denoted as 'orientalis' and 'sylvatica' as defined on the basis of genetic information (see text and Figure 3). TMRCA is the estimated time to the most recent common ancestor of the two groups. Values are derived from two different mutation rates, slow and fast which refers to the overall substitution rate (0.71 × 10-10) and the synonymous rate (2.36 × 10-10) of Frascaria et al. [38], respectively.