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Table 5 Age estimates of R0 subclades.

From: Timing and deciphering mitochondrial DNA macro-haplogroup R0 variability in Central Europe and Middle East

Hg N τ T ± ΔT (kya) (CR)a ρb (CR) T ± ΔT (kya) (CR)c ρb (HVS-I) T ± ΔT (kya) (HVS-I)c T ± ΔT (kya) (HVS-I)d T ± ΔT (kya) (Coding Region)e
H 346 3.3 18.7 ± 2.4 1.19 11.0 ± 1.5 0.86 17.4 ± 4.1 n.d.f 18.4 ± 2.0
H1 (w/o H1a) 295 2.6 13.0 ± 0.9 1.29 12.0 ± 2.6 0.56 12.0 ± 3.2 15.2 ± 5.1 12.8 ± 2.4
H1a 40 3.3 18.7 ± 2.4 2.03 18.7 ± 6.7 n.d. n.d. 6.4 ± 3.6 n.d.
H10 44 2.3 13.1 ± 5.8 0.75 6.9 ± 3.0 0.59 11.9 ± 5.9 n.d. n.d.
H11 35 1.9 10.8 ± 7.3 1.57 14.5 ± 4.1 1.03 20.7 ± 7.8 43.9 ± 18.5 n.d.
H13a1 37 1.9 10.8 ± 1.9 0.85 8.0 ± 3.0 0.49 9.8 ± 5.7 n.d. n.d.
H14 18 4.5 25.6 ± 5.4 2.24 20.7 ± 8.3 1.18 23.7 ± 8.6 n.d. n.d.
H15 20 1.8 10.2 ± 3.4 1.10 10.2 ± 4.1 0.10 2.0 ± 1.4 n.d. n.d.
H16 18 2.8 16.0 ± 6.6 0.55 5.1 ± 2.4 0.39 7.9 ± 4.9 n.d. n.d.
H2a 61 3.4 19.3 ± 2.0 1.89 17.4 ± 7.1 0.69 13.9 ± 8.0 12.3 ± 4.6 n.d.
H3 76 1.8 10.2 ± 5.0 1.11 10.2 ± 2.8 0.76 15.4 ± 6.0 16.0 ± 8.1 10.3 ± 2.4
H4 33 1.7 9.7 ± 3.0 0.79 7.3 ± 3.5 0.18 3.7 ± 2.1 11.5 ± 5.4 n.d.
H5 124 2.4 13.6 ± 1.2 0.98 9.0 ± 1.7 0.66 13.3 ± 3.3 12.6 ± 4.4 n.d.
H6 42 1.7 9.7 ± 3.1 0.81 7.5 ± 2.0 0.45 9.1 ± 2.8 3.4 ± 1.7 n.d.
H7 53 2.9 16.5 ± 5.2 1.09 10.1 ± 3.5 0.89 17.9 ± 7.4 16.1 ± 7.4 n.d.
HV0 45 3.0 17.0 ± 2.0 1.44 13.4 ± 3.8 0.47 9.4 ± 3.3 n.d. 12.4 ± 2.5 g
R0a 20 6.1 35.0 ± 6.6 2.85 26.4 ± 9.1 1.50 30.3 ± 12.4 n.d. n.d.
  1. Concordant estimates (those showing overlapping intervals) are bold.
  2. a Estimate of the time of the most recent common ancestor of each cluster, using the demographic parameter τ inferred from the entire mtDNA control region (nps 16024–16569; 1–576)
  3. b Average number of base substitutions in the mtDNA entire CR (nps 16024–16569; 1–576) or HVS-I (nps 16024–16365) from the ancestral sequence type (rho statistics)
  4. c Estimate of the TMRCA of each cluster, using rho statistics inferred from entire CR or HVS-I sequences
  5. d Estimate of the TMRCA as published in [17] based on HVS-I sequences
  6. e Estimate of the TMRCA as published in [6] based on the mtDNA coding region (nps 577–16023) sequences
  7. f n.d.: not determined
  8. g Estimate was derived for hg V.