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Table 3 Genetic variation within poodle groups and other dog breeds.

From: Assortative mating and fragmentation within dog breeds

Population Sample size Sample size/locus FIS Unbiased HE (SD) HO (SD) Bootstrapped allelic richness
All poodles 164 164 0.133 0.641 ± 0.027 0.556 ± 0.008*** 4.4
Standard poodle 41 41 -0.008 0.533 ± 0.032 0.538 ± 0.015 3.6
MS, M, T poodles1 123 123 0.072 0.605 ± 0.029 0.562 ± 0.009*** 4.1
MS brown-black2 28 28 -0.001 0.526 ± 0.039 0.527 ± 0.018 3.6
M, T brown-black3 50 50 -0.013 0.583 ± 0.031 0.591 ± 0.013 3.8
MS, M, T silver-white4 23 23 0.023 0.634 ± 0.024 0.620 ± 0.020 4.0
MS, M, T apricot5 22 22 0.107 0.536 ± 0.034 0.480 ± 0.021*** 3.5
Miniature schnauzer 14 10.2 0.074 0.520 ± 0.036 0.483 ± 0.030* (3.0)6
Giant schnauzer 17 13.7 0.122 0.568 ± 0.039 0.501 ± 0.026*** 3.5
Fox terrier (smooth) 18 14.2 0.029 0.456 ± 0.042 0.443 ± 0.025 2.8
Fox terrier (wire) 18 15.0 0.100 0.419 ± 0.044 0.380 ± 0.024** 2.6
Bull terrier 18 15.3 0.090 0.314 ± 0.047 0.287 ± 0.022 1.9
German shepherd 16 11.0 0.135 0.447 ± 0.043 0.394 ± 0.028* 2.6
Labrador retriever 16 12.7 0.042 0.563 ± 0.036 0.543 ± 0.027* 3.3
Siberian husky 16 13.3 0.078 0.659 ± 0.035 0.611 ± 0.026*** 4.1
  1. Number of dogs tested, average sample size per locus, inbreeding coefficient (FIS), expected and observed heterozygosity (HE and HO; SD, standard deviation), and allelic richness corrected for sample size (mean number of alleles per locus when 14 individuals – the sample size for miniature schnauzer; sampled with replacement). Significance refers to the difference between HE and HO, *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001.
  2. 1 Medium sized poodles, miniature poodles and toy poodles
  3. 2 Medium sized poodles with brown or black coat-color
  4. 3 Miniature poodles and toy poodles with brown or black coat-color
  5. 4 Medium sized poodles, miniature poodles and toy poodles with silver (grey) or white coat-color
  6. 5 Medium sized poodles, miniature poodles and toy poodles with apricot coat-color
  7. 6 Without size correction