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Table 2 Taxonomic and preservational modes of lepidopteran fossils

From: The fossil record and taphonomy of butterflies and moths (Insecta, Lepidoptera): implications for evolutionary diversity and divergence-time estimates

Superfamily CI CI&T AM AM&T CO SI SI&T SR GC AS PET Total
Tineoidea 3 0 105 96 0 8 1 1 0 0 0 214
Papilionoidea 81 0 50 0 9 0 0 1 1 0 0 142
Noctuoidea 30 0 3 1 6 2 0 67 0 1 0 110
Nepticuloidea 2 97 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 103
Gelechioidea 3 14 76 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 93
Tortricoidea 2 0 78 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 82
Bombycoidea 9 0 1 0 0 40 0 1 1 1 0 53
Gracillarioidea 1 39 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 45
Micropterigoidea 10 0 21 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 32
Yponomeutoidea 4 3 14 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 23
Adeloidea 0 8 12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20
Geometroidea 8 0 3 0 4 0 0 2 0 0 0 17
Pyraloidea 8 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 11
Zygaenoidea 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 10
Hepialoidea 7 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 9
Cossoidea 5 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 7
Eriocranioidea 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
Pterophoroidea 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Carposinoidea 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Lophocoronoidea 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Mnesarchaeoidea 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Tischerioidea 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Thyridoidea 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
  1. The numbers of the fossil specimens are shown in each column. The lepidopteran superfamilies are arranged by numerical rank order of total fossil specimens. Preservational mode abbreviations: AM, amber and copal; AS, asphaltum and tar sands; CI, compressions and impressions; GC, gut contents and coprolites; PE, peat and lignite; SA, salt deposits; SR, sieved residues; and SI, silica and other forms of permineralization.