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Table 4 Procrustes distances between taxon means for first lumbar vertebra shape

From: The ancestral shape hypothesis: an evolutionary explanation for the occurrence of intervertebral disc herniation in humans

  Pathological humans Orangutans Chimpanzees
Healthy humans 0.0303 0.0779 0.0367
p = 0.004* p < 0.0001* p = 0.0004*
Chimpanzees 0.0161 0.0458  
p = 0.4590 p = 0.0001*  
Orangutans 0.0549   
p < 0.0001*   
  1. *indicates significant value.