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Table 3 Summary of genetic distances of COI and H3 in three European Collembola species (Ceratophysella denticulata, Folsomia quadrioculata and Isotomiella minor)

From: Founder events and pre-glacial divergences shape the genetic structure of European Collembola species

(a)
Between populations Within populations
  C. denticulata F. quadrioculata I. minor C. denticulata F. quadrioculata I. minor
  Location COI H3 COI H3 COI H3 COI H3 COI H3 COI H3
North EE Estonia    14 ± 1 5 ± 2      0.0 1.39   
NO Norway 16 ± 4 7 ± 2 15 ± 2 5 ± 2 15 ± 1 4 ± 2 0.06 0.0 0.06 0.0 0.11 0.0
RU1 Russia 17 ± 3 7 ± 2 14 ± 1 5 ± 2 14 ± 6 4 ± 3 0.06 0.0 0.99 0.0 5.84 0.16
Central AT Austria 15 ± 5 7 ± 3 13 ± 3 5 ± 2 15 ± 7 4 ± 3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
FR France 15 ± 5 7 ± 3 14 ± 2 4 ± 2 17 ± 1 5 ± 2 0.73 0.0 1.02 0.0 0.21 0.0
DE Germany 15 ± 5 6 ± 3 13 ± 3 5 ± 2 15 ± 5 5 ± 3 1.16 0.0 0.06 0.11 4.87 0.13
PL Poland 15 ± 5 7 ± 3    15 ± 7 5 ± 3 1.03 0.0    0.0 0.0
South HR Croatia 14 ± 4 7 ± 2 15 ± 1 6 ± 1 18 ± 1 5 ± 2 0.09 5.53 8.04 0.0 1.6 0.53
GR Greece 19 ± 1 7 ± 1 15 ± 1 7 ± 1 17 ± 5 4 ± 2 1.27 0.48 9.51 4.33 0.0 0.0
IT Italy 17 ± 2 10 ± 1 14 ± 1 4 ± 2 17 ± 5 4 ± 2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.06 0.0
ME Montenegro 17 ± 2 9 ± 2 15 ± 1 7 ± 1 18 ± 1 5 ± 2 0.39 0.11 1.35 0.0 0.71 0.0
RS Serbia 17 ± 3 8 ± 2 15 ± 1 6 ± 1    0.0 0.0 1.97 1.23 0.0 0.0
ES1 Spain      18 ± 1 9 ± 0      1.86 0.0
ES2 Spain 19 ± 1 10 ± 1    17 ± 1 5 ± 1 1.32 0.0    0.07 0.0
ES3 Spain    16 ± 1 8 ± 2      1.21 0.11   
  1. Mean p-distances are in percent with standard deviation (a) between and within populations, (b) geographic regions, and of (c) geographic clusters with exceptionally low genetic distances