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Table 2 New tribal concepts and their genera

From: Multigene phylogenetic analysis redefines dung beetles relationships and classification (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae)

  Tribe/Genera Inv. Biogeographic Region
Tribe Sisyphini sensu novo   
1 Epirinus Reiche, 1841 M, P Afrotropical
2 Neosisyphus Muller, 1942 M, P Afrotropical, Oriental
3 Nesosisyphus Vinson, 1946 L Mauritius
4 Sisyphus Latreille, 1807 P Afrotropical, Oriental, Palaearctic, Neotropical
Tribe Dichotomiini sensu novo   
1 Chalcocopris Burmeister, 1846 M Neotropical
2 Dichotomius Hope, 1838 M, P Neotropical, Nearctic
3 Holocephalus Hope, 1838 S Neotropical
4 Isocopris Pereira & Martinez, 1960 S Neotropical
Tribe Coprini sensu novo   
1 Copris Muller, 1764 M, P Afrotropical, Oriental, Palaearctic, Nearctic, Neotropical
2 Litocopris Waterhouse, 1891 P Afrotropical
3 Microcopris Balthasar 1958 M Oriental
4 Pseudocopris Ferreira, 1960 L Afrotropical
5 Pseudopedaria Felsche, 1904 M Afrotropical
Tribe Deltochilini (Canthonini) sensu novo   
1 Anisocanthon Martinez & Perreira, 1956 S Neotropical
2 Anomiopus Westwood, 1842 M, P Neotropical
3 Canthon Hoffmansegg, 1817 M, P Neotropical, Nearctic
4 Canthonidia Paulian, 1939 S Neotropical
5 Canthotrypes Paulian, 1939 S Neotropical
6 Deltepilissus Pereira, 1949 S Neotropical
7 Deltochilum Eschscholtz, 1822 M, P Neotropical, Nearctic
8 Eudinopus Burmeister, 1840 P Neotropical
9 Hansreia Halffter & Martinez, 1977 M, P Neotropical
10 Holocanthon Martinez & Pereira, 1956 S Neotropical
11 Malagoniella Martinez, 1961 M, P Neotropical
12 Megathopa Eschscholtz, 1822 P Neotropical
13 Megathoposoma Balthasar, 1939 M, P Neotropical
14 Melanocanthon Halffter, 1958 S Nearctic
15 Pseudocanthon Bates, 1887 S Neotropical, Nearctic
16 Scatonomus Erichson, 1835 M Neotropical
17 Scybalocanthon Martinez, 1948 M, P Neotropical
18 Scybalophagus Martinez, 1953 M, P Neotropical
19 Sylvicanthon Halffter & Marttinez, 1977 M Neotropical
20 Tetraechma Blanchard, 1843 M Neotropical
21 Vulcanocanthon Pereira & Martinez, 1960 S Neotropical
22 Xenocanthon Martinez, 1952 S Neotropical
  1. List of genera assigned to the redefined tribes based on their new concepts. Column "Inv." (investigation source) specifies evidence based on which genus was attributed to the tribe. Abbreviations are as follows: (M) morphological phylogeny [1], (P) present phylogeny, (S) synapomorphies or diagnostic characters checked (material examined per genus is given in Additional file 24: Table S6), (L) synapomorphies or diagnostic characters were not investigated and genus was attributed based on description and overall similarity to the type genus of tribe