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Table 2 Differences in the recognition of families between JS Nelson, T Grande and MVH Wilson's (NGW [42]) and R Van Der Laan, WN Eschmeyer and R Fricke's(vdLE [62]) classifications and the update proposed herein. Taxa are listed in alphabetic order. NEL: [41]

From: Phylogenetic classification of bony fishes

Family Differences with NGW Differences with vdLE Justification/Remarks
“Cyclopsettidae” Provisionally recognized as “Cyclopsettidae” herein Provisionally recognized as “Cyclopsettidae” herein Awaits formal description; see [259]
“Pantanodontidae” Provisionally recognized as “Pantanodontidae” herein Provisionally recognized as “Pantanodontidae” herein Awaits formal description; see [283]
“Percalatidae” Provisionally recognized as “Percalatidae” herein Provisionally recognized as “Percalatidae” herein Awaits formal description; see text
“Percophidae” Provisionally recognized as “Percophidae” herein Provisionally recognized as “Percophidae” herein Awaits formal description; lineage in Pempheriformes not related to Percophidae (Perciformes); see also [242]
“Rivulidae” Provisionally recognized as “Rivulidae” herein; Rivulidae in NGW _ The name Rivulidae is preoccupied in Lepidoptera (see vdLE)
Abyssocottidae _ Synonym of Cottidae herein Following [345]
Acheilognathidae Subfamily of Cyprinidae in NGW Subfamily of Cyprinidae in vdLE Following [102]
Achiropsettidae Synonym of Rhombosoleidae herein Synonym of Rhombosoleidae herein Lumped due to phylogenetic nestedness [e.g., 259]
Anotopteridae Synonym of Paralepididae in NGW _ Following [216]
Aphyonidae Synonym of Bythitidae herein Synonym of Bythitidae herein Following [231]
Apistidae Subfamily of Scorpaenidae in NGW _ Following vdLE and [231]
Arapaimidae _ Synomym of Osteoglossidae herein Following [161]
Atherionidae Synonym (subfamily) of Atherinopsidae herein _ Following [274]
Bathygadidae _ Synonym (subfamily) of Macrouridae in vdLE Following [223]
Bathylaconidae Synonym of Alepocephalidae herein _ Following vdLE
Bathylutichthyidae Synonym of Psychrolutidae herein Synonym of Psychrolutidae herein Following [345]
Bathysauropsidae Subfamily of Ipnopidae in NGW _ Following [216]
Bedotiidae Subfamily of Melanotaeniidae in NGW _ Following . [274] and vdLE
Bembropidae Subfamily of Percophidae in NGW Subfamily of Percophidae in vdLE Following [58]
Botiidae _ Subfamily of Cobitidae in vdLE Following [102, 185]
Bryconidae Subfamily of Characidae in NGW _ Following [83, 101] and vdLE
Butidae _ Subfamily of Eleotridae in vdLE Following [241, 242]
Caesionidae Synonym of Lutjanidae herein Synonym of Lutjanidae herein Lumped due to phylogenetic nestedness
Carapidae Synonym of Ophidiidae herein Synonym of Ophidiidae herein Lumped due to phylogenetic nestedness
Centracanthidae _ Synonym of Sparidae herein Following [92, 298]
Chalceidae Omitted by NGW and NEL _ Following [83, 101] and vdLE
Cheimarrichthyidae Spelled Cheimarrhichthyidae in NGW _ Following vdLE
Colocongridae Synomym of Derichthyidae in NGW Synomym of Derichthyidae herein Following [158]
Comephoridae _ Synonym of Cottidae herein Following [345]
Congrogadidae Subfamily of Pseudochromidae in NGW Subfamily of Pseudochromidae in vdLE Following our results and [268]
Cottocomephoridae _ Subfamily of Cyprinidae in NGW Following [345]
Danionidae Subfamily of Cyprinidae in NGW Subfamily of Cyprinidae in vdLE Following [102]
Datnioididae Synonym of Lobotidae in NGW _ Following [92]
Dinematichthyidae Synonym of Brosmophycinae, a subfamily of Bythitidae in NGW _ Following [231]
Dussumieriidae _ Synonym of Clupeidae herein Following [171]
Elassomatidae Subfamily of Centrarchidae in NGW _ Following vdLE and our results
Ereuniidae _ Synonym of Rhamphocottidae herein Following [345]
Eulophiidae _ Synonym of Zoarcidae in vdLE Following [344]
Gaidropsaridae Subfamily of Gadidae in NGW Subfamily of Lotidae in vdLE Formerly a subfamily of Lotidae; raised to family level in version 3
Gastromyzontidae _ Subfamily of Balitoridae in vdLE Following [102, 186]
Girellidae Subfamily of Kyphosidae in NGW Subfamily of Kyphosidae in vdLE Following our results and several recent studies [186, 321, 324, 325, 327]
Gobionellidae _ Junior synonym of Oxudercidae See NGW
Gobionidae Subfamily of Cyprinidae in NGW Subfamily of Cyprinidae in vdLE Following [102]
Hapalogenyidae Spelled Hapalogeniidae in NGW _ See vdLE and [92]
Hemerocoetidae Subfamily of Percophidae in NGW Subfamily of Percophidae in vdLE Following [242]
Hemitripteridae _ Synonym of Agonidae herein Following [345]
Iguanodectidae Subfamily of Characidae in NGW _ Following [83, 101]
Jordaniidae _ Subfamily of Cottidae in vdLE Following [345]
Kraemeriidae _ Synonym of Gobiidae herein Following [241, 242]
Kryptoglanidae Synonym of Siluridae in NGW _ Following vdLE and [345]
Latidae Synonym of Centropomidae herein Synonym of Centropomidae herein Following [82, 262]
Leptobarbidae Subfamily of Cyprinidae in NGW Subfamily of Cyprinidae in vdLE Following [102]
Leptobramidae Omitted by NGW; listed in erratum _ _
Leptochilichthyidae _ Synomym of Alepocephalidae herein Following [173, 174]
Lestidiidae _ Tribe of Paralepididae in vdLE Following [217] and NGW
Leuciscidae Subfamily of Cyprinidae in NGW Subfamily of Cyprinidae in vdLE Following [102]
Lotidae _ Synonym of Gadidae herein Following NGW
Macroramphosidae Synonym (subfamily) of Centriscidae herein _ Following vdLE
Macruronidae _ Synonym of Merlucciinae in vdLE Following [223]
Microdesmidae _ Synonym of Gobiidae herein Following [241, 242]
Microcanthidae Subfamily of Kyphosidae in NGW Subfamily of Kyphosidae in vdLE Following several recent studies [186, 321, 324, 325, 327]
Milyeringidae _ Subfamily of Eleotridae in vdLE Following [241, 242]
Neosebastidae Subfamily of Scorpaenidae in NGW _ Following vdLE
Niphonidae Tribe of Serranidae in NGW Synonym of Serranidae in vdLE Following [58]
Notocheiridae Subfamily of Atherinopsidae herein Subfamily of Atherinopsidae herein Following [274]
Odacidae Synonym of Labridae herein Synonym of Labridae herein Lumped due to phylogenetic nestedness
Olyridae _ Synomym of Bagridae herein Following [198]
Omosudidae Synonym of Alepisauridae in NGW _ Following [216]
Ostracoberycidae Omitted by NGW; valid in NEL _ Following vdLE
Oxudercidae _ Subfamily of Gobiidae in vdLE Following [241, 242]
Paedocyprididae Synonym of Danioninae in NGW Synonym of Danioninae in vdLE Following [81, 102]
Parabembridae Synonym of Bembridae in NGW _ Following vdLE and [357]
Parabrotulidae Synonym of Bythitidae herein Synonym of Bythitidae herein Following [232]
Paralichthodidae _ Subfamily of Pleuronectidae in vdLE Following [265, 266]
Parascorpididae Omitted by NGW; subfamily of Kyphosidae in NEL _ Following vdLE
Perciliidae Synonym of Percichthyidae herein Synonym of Percichthyidae herein Lumped due to phylogenetic nestedness
Perryenidae Not recognized by NGW; Perryena listed under Congiopodidae _ Following [339]
Phractolaemidae _ Synomym of Kneriidae herein Following [21]
Phycidae Subfamily of Gadidae in NGW _ Following [223]
Plectrogeniidae Subfamily of Scorpaenidae in NGW _ Following [336] and vdLE
Poecilopsettidae _ Subfamily of Pleuronectidae in vdLE Following [265, 266]
Polynemidae Omitted by NGW; listed in erratum _ _
Prototroctidae Synonym (subfamily) of Retropinnidae herein _ Following vdLE
Pseudomugilidae Subfamily of Melanotaeniidae in NGW _ Following [274] and vdLE
Psilorhynchidae _ Synonym of Labeoninae in vdLE Following [102]
Ranicipitidae _ Synonym (tribe) of Gadidae in vdLE Following [223]
Rhombosoleidae _ Subfamily of Pleuronectidae in vdLE Following [265, 266]
Scaridae Synonym of Labridae herein Synonym of Labridae herein Lumped due to phylogenetic nestedness (e.g., [267])
Schindleriidae _ Synonym of Gobiidae herein Following [241, 242]
Scomberesocidae Synonym of Belonidae herein Synonym of Belonidae herein Lumped due to phylogenetic nestedness (e.g., [279])
Scorpaenichthyidae _ Subfamily of Cottidae in vdLE Following [345]
Scorpididae Subfamily of Kyphosidae in NGW Subfamily of Kyphosidae in vdLE Following several recent studies [186, 321, 324, 325, 327]
Sebastidae Subfamily of Scorpaenidae in NGW _ Following vdLE
Setarchidae Subfamily of Scorpaenidae in NGW _ Following vdLE
Sinipercidae _ Subfamily of Percichthyidae in vdLE Following [317]
Steindachneriidae _ Subfamily of Merlucciidae in vdLE Following [223]
Sudidae _ Synonym of Paralepididae in vdLE Following [216]
Sundadanionidae Synonym of Danioninae in NGW Synonym of Danioninae in vdLE Following [102]
Sundasalangidae _ Synomym of Clupeidae herein Following [171]
Symphysanodontidae Omitted by NGW; valid in NEL _ Following vdLE
Synanceiidae Subfamily of Scorpaenidae in NGW _ Following vdLE
Tanichthyidae Synonym of Danioninae in NGW Synonym of Xenocypridinae in vdLE Following [102]
Telmatherinidae Subfamily of Melanotaeniidae in NGW _ Following [274] and vdLE
Tetrarogidae Subfamily of Scorpaenidae in NGW _ Following vdLE
Tincidae Subfamily of Cyprinidae in NGW Subfamily of Cyprinidae in vdLE Following [102]
Trachyrincidae _ Synonym (subfamily) of Macrouridae in vdLE Following [223]
Triportheidae Synonym of Iguanodectinae, a subfamily of Characidae in NGW _ Following [83, 101]
Xenisthmidae _ Synonym of Eleotridae herein Following [241, 242]
Xenocyprididae Subfamily of Cyprinidae in NGW Subfamily of Cyprinidae in vdLE Following [102]
Zanclorhynchidae Synonym of Congiopodidae in NGW _ Following vdLE
Zaniolepididae _ Subfamily of Hexagrammidae in vdLE Following [345]