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Fig. 2 | BMC Evolutionary Biology

Fig. 2

From: Plant manipulation through gall formation constrains amino acid transporter evolution in sap-feeding insects

Fig. 2

Phylogeny of APC family transporters for sampled insects, representative aphids, and a nonherbivore outgroup. Taxa are color coded per the key, with pink branches denoting the slimfast gene expansion shared among aphidomorphs. Shaded regions indicate likely lineage-specific evolution for free-living aphids (gray boxes) and phylloxerids (yellow boxes). Asterisks indicate clades where paralogs occur in free-living aphidomorphs but are lacking in galling species

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