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Table 1 Number of amino acid transporters (AAT) in sampled insects relative to their life history

From: Plant manipulation through gall formation constrains amino acid transporter evolution in sap-feeding insects

     AAT
Species Life History Host APC AAAP Total
Daktulosphaira vitifoliae* Root & leaf galls Vitis 11 12 23
Phylloxera caryaecaulis Petiole gall Carya glabra 10 16 26
P. caryaemagna Petiole gall C. cordiformis 10 15 25
P. subelliptica Petiole gall C. ovata 10 12 22
P. caryaevenae Leaf gall: fold C. glabra 8 12 20
P. foveola Leaf gall: round C. glabra 7 14 21
P. foveata Leaf gall: round C. glabra 13 17 30
P. caryaefallax Leaf gall: round C. ovata 9 14 23
P. quercus Free-living Quercus 19 24 43
Acyrthosiphon pisum* Free-living Fabaceae 18 21 39
Myzus persicae* Free-living Diverse 16 20(20) 36
Pemphigus obesinymphae Petiole gall Populus 11(12) 14(14) + 4 29
Pemphigus populicaulis Petiole gall Populus 12 18 30
Tamalia coweni Leaf gall Arctostaphylos 12(9) 16(13) + 5 33
Tamalia inquilinus Inquiline Arctostaphylos 10 17 27
Average Galling   10 14 24
Average Free-living   17 21 38
Outgroups: Sternorrhyncha
Planococcus citri Free-living Diverse 10 28 38
Bemisia tabaci Free-living Diverse 12 24 36
Bactericera cockerelli Free-living Diverse 10 25 28
Outgroup: Non-herbivore
Drosophila melanogaster Free-living NA 10 15 25
  1. All gene counts for insects in this study followed the substitution rate method described in the methods except where genomes were available (*). Gene counts are compared to those from [9] show within parentheses, which used a similar gene coalescing method. Some AAAP genes that are expanded in non-arthropods were not reported in previous studies but were in the current study and are designated using “+”. Outgroup Sternorrhyncha herbivores gene counts (from [9]) and non-herbivore Drosophila melanogaster are shown