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Fig. 2 | BMC Evolutionary Biology

Fig. 2

From: From ground pools to treeholes: convergent evolution of habitat and phenotype in Aedes mosquitoes

Fig. 2

Evidence of convergence in the Aedini. Here, clade membership in plots is indicated with symbols, while colors indicate the habitat preference. a A biplot of dimensions 1 and 2 from our MCA for 127 Aedini, with a 95% confidence ellipse drawn around container (yellow) and ground pool dwelling (orange) taxa. Some container taxa appear more similar to one another, regardless of clade of origin, while ground pool taxa fall within a small range of negative values on dimension 1, regardless of clade of origin. b Several examples of convergent characters on the cranium of the mosquito contrasted between positive values on dimension one (typical of container mosquitoes) and negative values on dimension one (typical of ground pool mosquitoes). D stands for dorsal, and V for ventral. 1: Seta 1A, either single/double branched, or with >3 branches. 2: Antennae spicules either absent or present. 3: Seta 5C, either single or multibranched. 4: Seta 14C, either single or multi-branched. c The maximum likelihood phylogeny trimmed to include only those species with morphological data, with dimension 1 plotted alongside tips, colored according to larval habitat. Multiple lineages of Aedini have converged on strongly positive values in dimension 1, while other lineages maintain conserved negative values in dimension 2

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