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Table 2 Molecular age estimates of subtypes of haplogroup O1 in Thao and other groups using seven Y-STRs

From: Genetic diversity of the Thao people of Taiwan using Y-chromosome, mitochondrial DNA and HLA gene systems

Y Haplogroups Taiwan Philippines Western Indonesia N = 192
Taiwan Han N = 446 Pingpu TwrIP   
Pingpu (no Pazeh) N = 370 Pazeh N = 44 TwrIP (no Thao) N = 339 Thao N = 16 Batan N = 24 Philippines (no Batan) N = 146
O1a*-M119 ya (n) 16,560 (5) 13,380 (7) na 19,960 (28) na 10,820 (10) 20,360 (15) 14,590 (11)
  ± SE ± 4390 ± 2575 ± 5530 ± 2850 ± 5650 ± 5560
O1a1*-P203 ya (n) 8590 (50) 10,740 (93) 5669 (21) 16,290 (210) 1590 (14) 9830 (10) 16,050 (15) 7280 (32)
  ± SE ± 3270 ± 6600 ± 2628 ± 5880 ± 689 ± 3510 ± 3570 ± 4.00
O1a2-M50 ya (n) na 8630 (30) 3106 (5) 17,540 (67) na na 12,480 (16) 7060 (11)
  ± SE ± 3180 ± 1464 ± 3560 ± 5950 ± 2630
  1. ya thousand years ago, TwrIP Taiwan recognized Indigenous People, PingPu Taiwan western Plain tribes (Not including Pazeh)
  2. n: number of individuals bearing this haplogroup in the ethnic group
  3. na: age was not estimated if less than 5 individuals
  4. Han include Minnan, Hakka and a Taiwan Mixed group (AD)
  5. N=Population size
  6. The seven Y-STRs used were: DYS19, DYS389 I, DYS389 II DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, and DYS393