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  • Correction
  • Open Access

Correction to: Specificity of resistance and geographic patterns of virulence in a vertebrate hostparasite system

^Deceased
BMC Evolutionary Biology201919:101

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-019-1419-y

  • Received: 3 April 2019
  • Accepted: 3 April 2019
  • Published:

The original article was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:80

Correction to: BMC Evol Biol

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-019-1406-3

After publication of the original article [1], the authors have notified us that the incorrect version of Fig. 4 was used. Below you can find the both incorrect and correct versions of the figure.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Multivariate gene expression patterns differ between DE and NO sticklebacks. Non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) plots on Euclidian distances and two dimensions comparing data from NO and DE sticklebacks (contrast 1). NMDS were based on log10-transformed calibrated normalized relative quantities (CNRQ values) of all 24 immune genes, twelve genes of innate immunity (marco, mst1ra, mif, il-1β, tnfr1, saal1, tlr2, csf3r, p22phox, nkef-b, sla1, cd97), nine genes of adaptive immunity (stat4, stat6, igm, cd83, foxp3, tgf-β, il-16, mhcII, tcr-β), or three genes of the complement system (cfb, c7, c9). Each dot represents one individual; colors refer to the host population. Ellipses represent 95% confidence intervals. P-values are shown if significant after FDR-correction. The contribution of each gene is shown in the first row. The second row shows data from sham-exposed (CTRL) sticklebacks. The third to sixth row show data from infected individuals. Function metaMDS() was used to plot the NMDS; the contribution of each gene was plotted by use of the envfit() function (both functions are implemented in R package vegan [74])

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Multivariate gene expression patterns differ between DE and NO sticklebacks. Non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) plots on Euclidian distances and two dimensions comparing data from NO and DE sticklebacks (contrast 1). NMDS were based on log10-transformed calibrated normalized relative quantities (CNRQ values) of all 24 immune genes, twelve genes of innate immunity (marco, mst1ra, mif, il-1β, tnfr1, saal1, tlr2, csf3r, p22phox, nkef-b, sla1, cd97), nine genes of adaptive immunity (stat4, stat6, igm, cd83, foxp3, tgf-β, il-16, mhcII, tcr-β), or three genes of the complement system (cfb, c7, c9). Each dot represents one individual; colors refer to the host population. Ellipses represent 95% confidence intervals. P-values are shown if significant after FDR-correction. The contribution of each gene is shown in the first row. The second row shows data from sham-exposed (CTRL) sticklebacks. The third to sixth row show data from infected individuals. Function metaMDS() was used to plot the NMDS; the contribution of each gene was plotted by use of the envfit() function (both functions are implemented in R package vegan [74])

The original article has been corrected.

Notes

Declarations

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Evolutionary Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, August-Thienemann-Straße 2, 24306 Plön, Germany
(2)
Marine Evolutionary Ecology, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Düsternbrookerweg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany

Reference

  1. Piecyk et al. (2019) Specificity of resistance and geographic patterns of virulence in a vertebrate hostparasite system (2019) 19:80: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-019-1406-3.

Copyright

© The Author(s). 2019

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