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BMC Evolutionary Biology

Volume 7 Supplement 2

Second Congress of Italian Evolutionary Biologists (First Congress of the Italian Society for Evolutionary Biology)

Research

Edited by Renato Fani, David Caramelli, Pietro Liò

The supplement organisers would like to acknowledge the following organisations for their financial support of the meeting: Ente Cassa di Risparmio di Firenze, Sarstedt, CelBio, Università degli Studi di Firenze.

Second Congress of Italian Evolutionary Biologists (First Congress of the Italian Society for Evolutionary Biology). Go to conference site.

Florence, Italy4-7 September 2006

  1. Content type: Research

    The simplest molecules grouping the four most common elements of the universe H,C,O and N (with the exception of the biologically inert He) are isocyanate HNCO and formamide H2NCOH. Reasons for the availability o...

    Authors: Giovanna Costanzo, Raffaele Saladino, Claudia Crestini, Fabiana Ciciriello and Ernesto Di Mauro

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7(Suppl 2):S1

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  2. Content type: Research

    The hypothesis of an RNA-based origin of life, known as the "RNA world", is strongly affected by the hostile environmental conditions probably present in the early Earth. In particular, strong UV and X-ray rad...

    Authors: Elisa Biondi, Sergio Branciamore, Marie-Christine Maurel and Enzo Gallori

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7(Suppl 2):S2

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  3. Content type: Research

    It is generally assumed that primordial cells had small genomes with simple genes coding for enzymes able to react with a wide range of chemically related substrates, interconnecting different metabolic routes...

    Authors: Marco Fondi, Matteo Brilli, Giovanni Emiliani, Donatella Paffetti and Renato Fani

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7(Suppl 2):S3

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  4. Content type: Research

    Histidine biosynthesis is one of the best characterized anabolic pathways. There is a large body of genetic and biochemical information available, including operon structure, gene expression, and increasingly ...

    Authors: Renato Fani, Matteo Brilli, Marco Fondi and Pietro Lió

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7(Suppl 2):S4

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  5. Content type: Research

    During the HIV infection several quasispecies of the virus arise, which are able to use different coreceptors, in particular the CCR5 and CXCR4 coreceptors (R5 and X4 phenotypes, respectively). The switch in c...

    Authors: Luca Sguanci, Franco Bagnoli and Pietro Liò

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7(Suppl 2):S5

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  6. Content type: Research

    Phylogeographic analyses on the Western Euroasiatic Fagus taxa (F. orientalis, F. sylvatica, F. taurica and F. moesiaca) is available, however, the subdivision of Fagus spp. is unresolved and there is no consensu...

    Authors: Donatella Paffetti, Cristina Vettori, David Caramelli, Cristiano Vernesi, Martina Lari, Arturo Paganelli, Ladislav Paule and Raffaello Giannini

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7(Suppl 2):S6

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  7. Content type: Research

    The phylogeny of Arthropoda is still a matter of harsh debate among systematists, and significant disagreement exists between morphological and molecular studies. In particular, while the taxon joining hexapod...

    Authors: Antonio Carapelli, Pietro Liò, Francesco Nardi, Elizabeth van der Wath and Francesco Frati

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7(Suppl 2):S8

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  8. Content type: Research

    Genetically based body size differences are naturally occurring in populations of Drosophila melanogaster, with bigger flies in the cold. Despite the cosmopolitan nature of body size clines in more than one Droso...

    Authors: Vincenzo Trotta, Federico CF Calboli, Marcello Ziosi and Sandro Cavicchi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7(Suppl 2):S10

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  9. Content type: Research

    The taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships of New World monkeys (Platyrrhini) are difficult to distinguish on the basis of morphology and because diagnostic fossils are rare. Recently, molecular data have le...

    Authors: Francesca Dumas, Roscoe Stanyon, Luca Sineo, Gary Stone and Francesca Bigoni

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7(Suppl 2):S11

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  10. Content type: Research

    Ethnic minorities in Northern Thailand, often referred to as Hill Tribes, are considered an ideal model to study the different genetic impact of sex-specific migration rates expected in matrilocal (women remain i...

    Authors: Davide Besaggio, Silvia Fuselli, Metawee Srikummool, Jatupol Kampuansai, Loredana Castrì, Chris Tyler-Smith, Mark Seielstad, Daoroong Kangwanpong and Giorgio Bertorelle

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7(Suppl 2):S12

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  11. Content type: Research

    Science curricula and teachers should emphasize evolution in a manner commensurate with its importance as a unifying concept in science. The concept of adaptation represents a first step to understand the resu...

    Authors: Roberto Guidetti, Laura Baraldi, Caterina Calzolai, Lorenza Pini, Paola Veronesi and Aurora Pederzoli

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7(Suppl 2):S13

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