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  1. Advances in next-generation sequencing technologies have reduced the cost of whole transcriptome analyses, allowing characterization of non-model species at unprecedented levels. The rapid pace of transcriptom...

    Authors: Dustin J. Wcisel, J. Thomas Howard III, Jeffrey A. Yoder and Alex Dornburg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:41

    Content type: Software

    Published on:

  2. Evolutionary transitions in temporal niche necessitates specialized morphology, physiology, and behaviors. Diurnal, heliothermic squamates (lizards and snakes) that bask require protection from ultraviolet rad...

    Authors: Aaron H. Griffing, Tony Gamble and Aaron M. Bauer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Chromosomal rearrangements are thought to be an important driving force underlying lineage diversification, but their link to speciation continues to be debated. Antarctic teleost fish of the family Notothenii...

    Authors: Juliette Auvinet, Paula Graça, Agnès Dettai, Angel Amores, John H. Postlethwait, H. William Detrich III, Catherine Ozouf-Costaz, Olivier Coriton and Dominique Higuet

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Most cinquefoils (Potentilla L., Rosaceae) are polyploids, ranging from tetraploid (4x) to dodecaploid (12x), diploids being a rare exception. Previous studies based on ribosomal and chloroplast data indicated th...

    Authors: Nannie L. Persson, Torsten Eriksson and Jenny E. E. Smedmark

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Various ecological groups of earthworms very likely constitute sharply isolated niches that might permit speciation of their symbiotic ciliates, even though no distinct morphological features appear to be reco...

    Authors: Tomáš Obert and Peter Vďačný

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:37

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The family Aegisthidae is known as typical component of deep-sea hyperbenthic waters that gradually colonized other marine environments. The phylogenetic relationships within this family have been examined her...

    Authors: Sahar Khodami, Nancy F. Mercado-Salas and Pedro Martìnez Arbizu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Human chromosome 19 has many unique characteristics including gene density more than double the genome-wide average and 20 large tandemly clustered gene families. It also has the highest GC content of any chro...

    Authors: R. Alan Harris, Muthuswamy Raveendran, Kim C. Worley and Jeffrey Rogers

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Bird plumage exhibits a diversity of colors that serve functional roles ranging from signaling to camouflage and thermoregulation. However, birds must maintain a balance between evolving colorful signals to at...

    Authors: Jon T. Merwin, Glenn F. Seeholzer and Brian Tilston Smith

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:32

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In recent years, Ecuador and other South American countries have experienced an increase in arboviral diseases. A rise in dengue infections was followed by introductions of chikungunya and Zika, two viruses ne...

    Authors: Irina Maljkovic Berry, Wiriya Rutvisuttinunt, Rachel Sippy, Efrain Beltran-Ayala, Katherine Figueroa, Sadie Ryan, Abhinaya Srikanth, Anna M. Stewart-Ibarra, Timothy Endy and Richard G. Jarman

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Modularity is important for evolutionary innovation. The recombination of existing units to form larger complexes with new functionalities spares the need to create novel elements from scratch. In proteins, th...

    Authors: Elias Dohmen, Steffen Klasberg, Erich Bornberg-Bauer, Sören Perrey and Carsten Kemena

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research Article

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  11. Crocidura, the most speciose mammalian genus, occurs across much of Asia, Europe and Africa. The taxonomy of Chinese representatives has been studied primarily based on cursory morphological comparisons and their...

    Authors: Shunde Chen, Jiao Qing, Zhu Liu, Yang Liu, Mingkun Tang, Robert W. Murphy, Yingting Pu, Xuming Wang, Keyi Tang, Keji Guo, Xuelong Jiang and Shaoying Liu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:29

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Temperature exerts a strong influence on protein evolution: species living in thermally distinct environments often exhibit adaptive differences in protein structure and function. However, previous research on...

    Authors: Ying-Chen Chao, Melanie Merritt, Devin Schaefferkoetter and Tyler G. Evans

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Recent human transcriptomic analyses revealed a very large number of testis-enriched genes, many of which are involved in spermatogenesis. This comprehensive transcriptomic data lead us to the question whether...

    Authors: Helmut Schaschl and Bernard Wallner

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Climatic variation and geologic change both play significant roles in shaping species distributions, thus affecting their evolutionary history. In Sahara-Sahel, climatic oscillations shifted the desert extent ...

    Authors: Ana Filipa Moutinho, Nina Serén, Joana Paupério, Teresa Luísa Silva, Fernando Martínez-Freiría, Graciela Sotelo, Rui Faria, Tapio Mappes, Paulo Célio Alves, José Carlos Brito and Zbyszek Boratyński

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Taste is fundamental to diet selection in vertebrates. Genetic basis of sweet taste receptor in the shaping of food habits has been extensively studied in mammals and birds, but scarcely studied in fishes. Gra...

    Authors: Xiao-Chen Yuan, Xu-Fang Liang, Wen-Jing Cai, Shan He, Wen-Jie Guo and Kang-Sen Mai

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Understanding the origins of genome content has long been a goal of molecular evolution and comparative genomics. By examining genome evolution through the guise of lineage-specific evolution, it is possible t...

    Authors: David E. Northover, Stephen D. Shank and David A. Liberles

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The flat periwinkles, Littorina fabalis and L. obtusata, are two sister species widely distributed throughout the Northern Atlantic shores with high potential to inform us about the process of ecological speciati...

    Authors: Graciela Sotelo, Mårten Duvetorp, Diana Costa, Marina Panova, Kerstin Johannesson and Rui Faria

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Polyplacophora, or chitons, have long fascinated malacologists for their distinct and rather conserved morphology and lifestyle compared to other mollusk classes. However, key aspects of their phylogeny and ev...

    Authors: Iker Irisarri, Juan E. Uribe, Douglas J. Eernisse and Rafael Zardoya

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:22

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The hybridizing field crickets, Gryllus firmus and Gryllus pennsylvanicus have several barriers that prevent gene flow between species. The behavioral pre-zygotic mating barrier, where males court conspecifics mo...

    Authors: Brianna Heggeseth, Danielle Sim, Laura Partida and Luana S. Maroja

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:21

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Understanding the forces that maintain diversity across a range of scales is at the very heart of biology. Frequency-dependent processes are generally recognized as the most central process for the maintenance...

    Authors: Zorana Kurbalija Novičić, Ahmed Sayadi, Mihailo Jelić and Göran Arnqvist

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The evolution of the Jehol Biota of western Liaoning in China includes three phases, initiation in the Dabeigou phase, radiation in the Yixian phase, and decline in the Jiufotang phase. Numerous ephedroid macr...

    Authors: Yong Yang, Yingwei Wang and David Kay Ferguson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:19

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The disposable soma theory of ageing assumes that organisms optimally trade-off limited resources between reproduction and longevity to maximize fitness. Early reproduction should especially trade-off against ...

    Authors: Charly Jehan, Manon Chogne, Thierry Rigaud and Yannick Moret

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:18

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Drosophila subobscura exhibits a rich inversion polymorphism, with some adaptive inversions showing repeatable spatiotemporal patterns in frequencies related to temperature. Previous studies reported increased ba...

    Authors: Marta Puig Giribets, Mauro Santos and María Pilar García Guerreiro

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:17

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The need for enhancing the productivity of fisheries in Africa triggered the introduction of non-native fish, causing dramatic changes to local species. In East Africa, the extensive translocation of Nile tila...

    Authors: Papius Dias Tibihika, Manuel Curto, Esayas Alemayehu, Herwig Waidbacher, Charles Masembe, Peter Akoll and Harald Meimberg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:16

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The current Brazilian population is the product of centuries of admixture between intercontinental founding groups. Although previous results have revealed a heterogeneous distribution of mitochondrial lineage...

    Authors: Ana Paula Schaan, Leonor Gusmão, Juliana Jannuzzi, Antonio Modesto, Marcos Amador, Diego Marques, Silvia Helena Rabenhorst, Raquel Montenegro, Thayson Lopes, France Keiko Yoshioka, Giovanny Pinto, Sidney Santos, Lorenna Costa, Vivian Silbiger and Ândrea Ribeiro-dos-Santos

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:15

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that specifically repress transposable elements (TEs) in the germline of Drosophila. Despite our expanding understanding of TE:piRNA interaction, wheth...

    Authors: Shiqi Luo, Hong Zhang, Yuange Duan, Xinmin Yao, Andrew G. Clark and Jian Lu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The theory of trade-off suggests that limited resources should lead to trade-off in resource intensive traits such as, immunity related and sexually selected traits in males. Alternatively, sexual exaggeration...

    Authors: Zeeshan Ali Syed, Vanika Gupta, Manas Geeta Arun, Aatashi Dhiman, Bodhisatta Nandy and Nagaraj Guru Prasad

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:13

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The CO2-concentrating mechanism associated to Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) alters the catalytic context for Rubisco by increasing CO2 availability and provides an advantage in particular ecological conditio...

    Authors: Carmen Hermida-Carrera, Mario A. Fares, Marcel Font-Carrascosa, Maxim V. Kapralov, Marcus A. Koch, Arnau Mir, Arántzazu Molins, Miquel Ribas-Carbó, Jairo Rocha and Jeroni Galmés

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:11

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Gymnosperms represent five of the six lineages of seed plants. However, most sequenced plant mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) have been generated for angiosperms, whereas mitogenomic sequences have been gen...

    Authors: Sheng-Long Kan, Ting-Ting Shen, Ping Gong, Jin-Hua Ran and Xiao-Quan Wang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:10

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The relative influence of diet and phylogeny on snake venom activity is a poorly understood aspect of snake venom evolution. We measured the activity of two enzyme toxin groups – phospholipase A2 (PLA2), and L-am...

    Authors: Theo Tasoulis, Michael S. Y. Lee, Manon Ziajko, Nathan Dunstan, Joanna Sumner and Geoffrey K. Isbister

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Red Queen dynamics are defined as long term co-evolutionary dynamics, often with oscillations of genotype abundances driven by fluctuating selection in host-parasite systems. Much of our current understanding ...

    Authors: Hanna Schenk, Hinrich Schulenburg and Arne Traulsen

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  32. A key question in plant dispersal via animal vectors is where and why fruit colors vary between species and how color relates to other fruit traits. To better understand the factors shaping the evolution of fr...

    Authors: Miranda A. Sinnott-Armstrong, Chong Lee, Wendy L. Clement and Michael J. Donoghue

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:7

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Understanding the genomic basis of phenotypic diversity can be greatly facilitated by examining adaptive radiations with hypervariable traits. In this study, we focus on a rapidly diverged species group of mor...

    Authors: Mauricio Losilla, David Michael Luecke and Jason R. Gallant

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:6

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Ecological speciation is a prominent mechanism of diversification but in many evolutionary radiations, particularly in invertebrates, it remains unclear whether supposedly critical ecological traits drove or f...

    Authors: Bert Van Bocxlaer, Claudia M. Ortiz-Sepulveda, Pieter R. Gurdebeke and Xavier Vekemans

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:5

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Early Cambrian Lagerstätten from China have greatly enriched our perspective on the early evolution of animals, particularly arthropods. However, recent studies have shown that many of these early fossil arthr...

    Authors: Cédric Aria, Fangchen Zhao, Han Zeng, Jin Guo and Maoyan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:4

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The biodiversity and distributions of terrestrial snails at local and regional scales are influenced by their low vagility and microhabitat specificity. The accessibility of large-bodied species and their char...

    Authors: Z. W. Dempsey, C. P. Goater and T. M. Burg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Regions within the nuclear ribosomal operon are a major tool for inferring evolutionary relationships and investigating diversity in fungi. In spite of the prevalent use of ribosomal markers in fungal research...

    Authors: Michael Bradshaw, Felix Grewe, Anne Thomas, Cody H. Harrison, Hanna Lindgren, Lucia Muggia, Larry L. St. Clair, H. Thorsten Lumbsch and Steven D. Leavitt

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:2

    Content type: Research article

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  38. African annual killifishes (Nothobranchius spp.) are adapted to seasonally desiccating habitats (ephemeral pools), surviving dry periods as dormant eggs. Given their peculiar life history, geographic aspects of t...

    Authors: Veronika Bartáková, Béla Nagy, Matej Polačik, Radim Blažek, Hieromin Lamtane and Martin Reichard

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:1

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Chondrichthyans represent a monophyletic group of crown group gnathostomes and are central to our understanding of vertebrate evolution. Like all vertebrates, cartilaginous fishes evolved concretions of materi...

    Authors: Lisa Schnetz, Cathrin Pfaff, Eugen Libowitzky, Zerina Johanson, Rica Stepanek and Jürgen Kriwet

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:238

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Mesoamerica is a remarkable region with a high geological and ecological complexity. Within northern Mesoamerica, the biotic province of the Sierra Madre del Sur (SMS) in southwestern Mexico harbors exceptiona...

    Authors: Alberto Rocha-Méndez, Luis A. Sánchez-González, Clementina González and Adolfo G. Navarro-Sigüenza

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:237

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Orange jasmine has a complex nomenclatural history and is now known as Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack. Our interest in this common ornamental stemmed from the need to resolve its identity and the identities of clos...

    Authors: Chung Huy Nguyen, G. Andrew C. Beattie, Anthony M. Haigh, Inggit Puji Astuti, David J. Mabberley, Peter H. Weston and Paul Holford

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:236

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Understanding the phylogenetic relationships among species is one of the main goals of systematic biology. Simultaneously, credible phylogenetic hypotheses are often the first requirement for unveiling the evo...

    Authors: Russell J. S. Orr, Marianne N. Haugen, Björn Berning, Philip Bock, Robyn L. Cumming, Wayne K. Florence, Masato Hirose, Emanuela Di Martino, Mali H. Ramsfjell, Maja M. Sannum, Abigail M. Smith, Leandro M. Vieira, Andrea Waeschenbach and Lee Hsiang Liow

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:235

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Individuals consistently differ in behaviour, exhibiting so-called personalities. In many species, individuals differ also in their cognitive abilities. When personalities and cognitive abilities occur in dist...

    Authors: Jannis Liedtke and Lutz Fromhage

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:234

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Palaeognathae is a basal clade within Aves and include the large and flightless ratites and the smaller, volant tinamous. Although much research has been conducted on various aspects of palaeognath morphology,...

    Authors: Phoebe L. McInerney, Michael S. Y. Lee, Alice M. Clement and Trevor H. Worthy

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:233

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Natural selection on fitness-related traits can be temporally heterogeneous among populations. As climate changes, understanding population-level responses is of scientific and practical importance. We examine...

    Authors: Yang Liu and Yousry A. El-Kassaby

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:231

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Coevolution is a selective process of reciprocal adaptation in hosts and parasites or in mutualistic symbionts. Classic population genetics theory predicts the signatures of selection at the interacting loci o...

    Authors: Daniel živković, Sona John, Mélissa Verin, Wolfgang Stephan and Aurélien Tellier

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:230

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

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