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  1. Content type: Research article

    Recombination is widespread across the tree of life, because it helps purge deleterious mutations and creates novel adaptive traits. In prokaryotes, it often takes the form of horizontal gene transfer from a d...

    Authors: Hoi Yee Chu, Kathleen Sprouffske and Andreas Wagner

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:54

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Differences in species richness among phylogenetic clades are attributed to clade age and/or variation in diversification rates. Access to ecological opportunity may trigger a temporary increase in diversifica...

    Authors: Diana Delicado, Torsten Hauffe and Thomas Wilke

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:55

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Cavefish populations belonging to the Mexican tetra species Astyanax mexicanus are outstanding models to study the tempo and mode of adaptation to a radical environmental change. They are currently assigned to tw...

    Authors: Julien Fumey, Hélène Hinaux, Céline Noirot, Claude Thermes, Sylvie Rétaux and Didier Casane

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:43

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The phylogeny of Cnidaria has been a source of debate for decades, during which nearly all-possible relationships among the major lineages have been proposed. The ecological success of Cnidaria is predicated o...

    Authors: Ehsan Kayal, Bastian Bentlage, M. Sabrina Pankey, Aki H. Ohdera, Monica Medina, David C. Plachetzki, Allen G. Collins and Joseph F. Ryan

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:68

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Life history characteristics are considered important factors influencing the evolutionary processes of natural populations, including the patterns of population genetic structure of a species. The sister spec...

    Authors: Song Yi Baek, Ji Hyoun Kang, Seo Hee Jo, Ji Eun Jang, Seo Yeon Byeon, Ju-hyoun Wang, Hwang-Goo Lee, Jun-Kil Choi and Hyuk Je Lee

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:52

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Heterotrimeric G proteins are fundamental signaling proteins composed of three subunits, Gα and a Gβγ dimer. The role of Gα as a molecular switch is critical for transmitting and amplifying intracellular signa...

    Authors: A. D. Lokits, H. Indrischek, J. Meiler, H. E. Hamm and P. F. Stadler

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:51

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Recently, population genetic studies of Mediterranean marine species highlighted patterns of genetic divergence and phylogeographic breaks, due to the interplay between impacts of Pleistocene climate shifts an...

    Authors: Temim Deli, Evrim Kalkan, Selahattin Ünsal Karhan, Sonya Uzunova, Alireza Keikhosravi, Raşit Bilgin and Christoph D. Schubart

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:53

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Non-human primates have long been identified to harbour different species of Plasmodium. Long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis), in particular, are reservoirs for P. knowlesi, P. inui, P. cynomolgi, P. coatne...

    Authors: Thamayanthi Nada Raja, Ting Huey Hu, Ramlah Zainudin, Kim Sung Lee, Susan L. Perkins and Balbir Singh

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:49

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  9. Content type: Research article

    South China encompasses complex and diverse landforms, giving rise to high biological diversity and endemism from the Hengduan Mountains to Taiwan Island. Many species are widely distributed across South China...

    Authors: Xue Lv, Jilong Cheng, Yang Meng, Yongbin Chang, Lin Xia, Zhixin Wen, Deyan Ge, Shaoying Liu and Qisen Yang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:50

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Comparative studies of neuroanatomy and neurodevelopment provide valuable information for phylogenetic inference. Beyond that, they reveal transformations of neuroanatomical structures during animal evolution ...

    Authors: Georg Brenneis, Gerhard Scholtz and Barbara S. Beltz

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:47

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The economic value of ginseng in the global medicinal plant trade is estimated to be in excess of US$2.1 billion. At the same time, the evolutionary placement of ginseng (Panax ginseng) and the complex evolutiona...

    Authors: V. Manzanilla, A. Kool, L. Nguyen Nhat, H. Nong Van, H. Le Thi Thu and H. J. de Boer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:44

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Energy (resources) acquired by animals should be allocated towards competing demands, maintenance, growth, reproduction and fat storage. Reproduction has the second lowest priority in energy allocation and onl...

    Authors: Lin Zhang, Kun Guo, Guang-Zheng Zhang, Long-Hui Lin and Xiang Ji

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:45

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Our understanding of the ontogeny of Palaeozoic brachiopods has changed significantly during the last two decades. However, the micromorphic acrotretoids have received relatively little attention, resulting in...

    Authors: Zhiliang Zhang, Leonid E. Popov, Lars E. Holmer and Zhifei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:42

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Genome reduction in intracellular pathogens and endosymbionts is usually compensated by reliance on the host for energy and nutrients. Free-living taxa with reduced genomes must however evolve strategies for g...

    Authors: Huan Qiu, Alessandro W. Rossoni, Andreas P. M. Weber, Hwan Su Yoon and Debashish Bhattacharya

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:41

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the genetic and environmental mechanisms governing variation in morphology or phenology in wild populations is currently an important challenge. While there is a general consensus that selection ...

    Authors: E. Quéméré, J. M. Gaillard, M. Galan, C. Vanpé, I. David, M. Pellerin, P. Kjellander, A. J. M. Hewison and J. M. Pemberton

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:39

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The ants of the Formica genus are classical model species in evolutionary biology. In particular, Darwin used Formica as model species to better understand the evolution of slave-making, a parasitic behaviour whe...

    Authors: Jonathan Romiguier, Jonathan Rolland, Claire Morandin and Laurent Keller

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:40

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The maternally inherited endosymbiont Wolbachia is widespread in arthropods and nematodes and can play an important role in the ecology and evolution of its host through reproductive manipulation. Here, we survey...

    Authors: Hannes Schuler, Scott P. Egan, Glen R. Hood, Robert W. Busbee, Amanda L. Driscoe and James R. Ott

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:37

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Protein-coding genes expressed in sperm evolve at different rates. To gain deeper insight into the factors underlying this heterogeneity we examined the relative importance of a diverse set of previously descr...

    Authors: Julia Schumacher and Holger Herlyn

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:35

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Morphological convergence triggered by trophic adaptations is a common pattern in adaptive radiations. The study of shape variation in an evolutionary context is usually restricted to well-studied fish models....

    Authors: Madlen Stange, Gabriel Aguirre-Fernández, Walter Salzburger and Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:38

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Introduced biological control agents have opportunities of population admixture through multiple introductions in the field. However, the importance of population admixture for their establishment success ofte...

    Authors: Hao-Sen Li, Shang-Jun Zou, Patrick De Clercq and Hong Pang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:36

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  21. Content type: Research article

    It has been proposed that non-genetic inheritance could promote species fitness. Non-genetic inheritance could allow offspring to benefit from the experience of their parents, and could advocate pre-adaptation...

    Authors: Irene Adrian-Kalchhauser, Jean-Claude Walser, Michaela Schwaiger and Patricia Burkhardt-Holm

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:34

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Gyrinidae are a charismatic group of highly specialized beetles, adapted for a unique lifestyle of swimming on the water surface. They prey on drowning insects and other small arthropods caught in the surface ...

    Authors: Evgeny V. Yan, Rolf G. Beutel and John F. Lawrence

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:33

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The CEA gene family is one of the most rapidly evolving gene families in the human genome. The founder gene of the family is thought to be an ancestor of the inhibitory immune checkpoint molecule CEACAM1. Compreh...

    Authors: Sophie Mißbach, Denis Aleksic, Lisa Blaschke, Timm Hassemer, Kyung Jin Lee, Martin Mansfeld, Jana Hänske, Johannes Handler and Robert Kammerer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:32

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Trypanosomatid parasites such as Trypanosoma spp. and Leishmania spp. are a major source of infectious disease in humans and domestic animals worldwide. Fundamental to the host-parasite interactions of these pote...

    Authors: Sara Silva Pereira and Andrew P. Jackson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:31

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Much evolutionary theory predicts that diversity arises via both adaptive radiation (diversification driven by selection against niche-overlap within communities) and divergence of geographically isolated popu...

    Authors: Isaac Winkler, Sonja J. Scheffer, Matthew L. Lewis, Kristina J. Ottens, Andrew P. Rasmussen, Géssica A. Gomes-Costa, Luz Maria Huerto Santillan, Marty A. Condon and Andrew A. Forbes

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:30

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Maintaining variation in immune genes, such as those of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), is important for individuals in small, isolated populations to resist pathogens and parasites. The golden snub-n...

    Authors: Pei Zhang, Kang Huang, Bingyi Zhang, Derek W. Dunn, Dan Chen, Fan Li, Xiaoguang Qi, Songtao Guo and Baoguo Li

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:29

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Complete mitochondrial (mt) genomes have been used extensively to test hypotheses about microevolution and to study population structure, phylogeography, and phylogenetic relationships of Anura at various taxo...

    Authors: Jia-Yong Zhang, Le-Ping Zhang, Dan-Na Yu, Kenneth B. Storey and Rong-Quan Zheng

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:26

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Exaggerated signals, such as brilliant colours, are usually assumed to evolve through antagonistic coevolution between senders and receivers, but the underlying genetic mechanisms are rarely known. Here we exp...

    Authors: Hanlu Twyman, Staffan Andersson and Nicholas I. Mundy

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:22

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Species recognition, i.e., the ability to distinguish conspecifics from heterospecifics, plays an essential role in reproduction. The role of facial cues for species recognition has been investigated in severa...

    Authors: Hanitriniaina Rakotonirina, Peter M. Kappeler and Claudia Fichtel

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:19

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Due to the DNA triplet code, it is possible that the sequences of two or more protein-coding genes overlap to a large degree. However, such non-trivial overlaps are usually excluded by genome annotation pipeli...

    Authors: Sarah M. Hücker, Sonja Vanderhaeghen, Isabel Abellan-Schneyder, Romy Wecko, Svenja Simon, Siegfried Scherer and Klaus Neuhaus

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:21

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Mountains have not only provided refuge for species, but also offered dispersal corridors during the Neogene and Quaternary global climate changes. Compared with a plethora of studies on the refuge role of Chi...

    Authors: Shuang Tian, Yixuan Kou, Zhirong Zhang, Lin Yuan, Derong Li, Jordi López-Pujol, Dengmei Fan and Zhiyong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:20

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Life diversifies via adaptive radiation when natural selection drives the evolution of ecologically distinct species mediated by their access to novel niche space, or via non-adaptive radiation when new specie...

    Authors: Ashley M. Reaney, Mónica Saldarriaga-Córdoba and Daniel Pincheira-Donoso

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:16

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The breeding consequences of virus infections have rarely been studied in avian natural breeding populations. In this paper we investigated the links between humoral immunity following a natural flavivirus inf...

    Authors: Tanja M. Strand, Åke Lundkvist, Björn Olsen and Lars Gustafsson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:13

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The application of target capture with next-generation sequencing now enables phylogenomic analyses of rapidly radiating clades of species. But such analyses are complicated by extensive incomplete lineage sor...

    Authors: Jason G. Bragg, Sally Potter, Ana C. Afonso Silva, Conrad J. Hoskin, Benjamin Y. H. Bai and Craig Moritz

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:15

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Marine threespine sticklebacks colonized and adapted to brackish and freshwater environments since the last Pleistocene glacial. Throughout the Holarctic, three lateral plate morphs are observed; the low, part...

    Authors: Kjartan Østbye, Annette Taugbøl, Mark Ravinet, Chris Harrod, Ruben Alexander Pettersen, Louis Bernatchez and Leif Asbjørn Vøllestad

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:14

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The Wnt signaling pathway is uniquely metazoan and used in many processes during development, including the formation of polarity and body axes. In sponges, one of the earliest diverging animal groups, Wnt pat...

    Authors: Pamela J. Windsor Reid, Eugueni Matveev, Alexandra McClymont, Dora Posfai, April L. Hill and Sally P. Leys

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:12

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  37. Content type: Methodology article

    The nonparametric bootstrap is widely used to measure the branch support of phylogenetic trees. However, bootstrapping is computationally expensive and remains a bottleneck in phylogenetic analyses. Recently, ...

    Authors: Diep Thi Hoang, Le Sy Vinh, Tomáš Flouri, Alexandros Stamatakis, Arndt von Haeseler and Bui Quang Minh

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:11

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Universal stress proteins (USPs) are present in all domains of life. Their expression is upregulated in response to a large variety of stress conditions. The functional diversity found in this protein family, ...

    Authors: Sergio Martin Espinola, Martin Pablo Cancela, Lauís Brisolara Corrêa and Arnaldo Zaha

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:10

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Whole genome duplication plays a central role in plant evolution. There are two main classes of polyploid formation: autopolyploids which arise within one species by doubling of similar homologous genomes; in ...

    Authors: Jonna S. Eriksson, Filipe de Sousa, Yann J. K. Bertrand, Alexandre Antonelli, Bengt Oxelman and Bernard E. Pfeil

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:9

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Antennae are multi-segmented appendages and main odor-sensing organs in insects. In Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies), antennal morphologies have diversified according to their ecological requirements. While...

    Authors: Toshiya Ando, Haruhiko Fujiwara and Tetsuya Kojima

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:8

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Fungal plant pathogens secrete a large arsenal of hydrolytic enzymes during the course of infection, including peptidases. Secreted peptidases have been extensively studied for their role as effectors. In this...

    Authors: Parvathy Krishnan, Xin Ma, Bruce A. McDonald and Patrick C. Brunner

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:7

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