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  1. Content type: Research article

    Maleness in mammals is genetically determined by the Y chromosome. On the Y chromosome SRY is known as the mammalian male-determining gene. Both placental mammals (Eutheria) and marsupial mammals (Metatheria) hav...

    Authors: Yukako Katsura, Hiroko X. Kondo, Janelle Ryan, Vincent Harley and Yoko Satta

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:3

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Neo-sex chromosome systems arose independently multiple times in evolution, presenting the remarkable characteristic of repetitive DNAs accumulation. Among grasshoppers, occurrence of neo-XY was repeatedly not...

    Authors: Octavio M. Palacios-Gimenez, Diogo Milani, Bernardo Lemos, Elio R. Castillo, Dardo A. Martí, Erica Ramos, Cesar Martins and Diogo C. Cabral-de-Mello

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:2

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  3. Content type: Database

    The thousands of species of closely related cichlid fishes in the great lakes of East Africa are a powerful model for understanding speciation and the genetic basis of trait variation. Recently, the genomes of...

    Authors: Ajay Ramakrishnan Varadarajan, Rohini Mopuri, J. Todd Streelman and Patrick T. McGrath

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:1

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  4. Content type: Research

    The species relationships within the genus Linum have already been studied several times by means of different molecular and phylogenetic approaches. Nevertheless, a number of ambiguities in phylogeny of Linum st...

    Authors: Nadezhda L. Bolsheva, Nataliya V. Melnikova, Ilya V. Kirov, Anna S. Speranskaya, Anastasia A. Krinitsina, Alexey A. Dmitriev, Maxim S. Belenikin, George S. Krasnov, Valentina A. Lakunina, Anastasiya V. Snezhkina, Tatiana A. Rozhmina, Tatiana E. Samatadze, Olga Yu. Yurkevich, Svyatoslav A. Zoshchuk, Аlexandra V. Amosova, Anna V. Kudryavtseva…

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 2):253

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  5. Content type: Research

    Microbial mats are a good model system for ecological and evolutionary analysis of microbial communities. There are more than 20 alkaline hot springs on the banks of the Barguzin river inflows. Water temperatu...

    Authors: Alexey Sergeevich Rozanov, Alla Victorovna Bryanskaya, Timofey Vladimirovich Ivanisenko, Tatyana Konstantinovna Malup and Sergey Evgenievich Peltek

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 2):254

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  6. Content type: Research article

    The primary energy-producing pathway in eukaryotic cells, the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system, comprises proteins encoded by both mitochondrial and nuclear genes. To maintain the function of the OXPH...

    Authors: Yiyuan Li, Rui Zhang, Shanlin Liu, Alexander Donath, Ralph S. Peters, Jessica Ware, Bernhard Misof, Oliver Niehuis, Michael E. Pfrender and Xin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:269

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  7. Content type: Research

    Tick-borne encephalitis is caused by the neurotropic, positive-sense RNA virus, tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). TBEV infection can lead to a variety of clinical manifestations ranging from slight fever t...

    Authors: Elena V. Ignatieva, Alexander V. Igoshin and Nikolay S. Yudin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 2):259

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  8. Content type: Research

    Gray whale, Eschrichtius robustus (E. robustus), is a single member of the family Eschrichtiidae, which is considered to be the most primitive in the class Cetacea. Gray whale is often described as a “living foss...

    Authors: Alexey А. Moskalev, Anna V. Kudryavtseva, Alexander S. Graphodatsky, Violetta R. Beklemisheva, Natalya A. Serdyukova, Konstantin V. Krutovsky, Vadim V. Sharov, Ivan V. Kulakovskiy, Andrey S. Lando, Artem S. Kasianov, Dmitry A. Kuzmin, Yuliya A. Putintseva, Sergey I. Feranchuk, Mikhail V. Shaposhnikov, Vadim E. Fraifeld, Dmitri Toren…

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 2):258

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  9. Content type: Research

    One of the most widespread prokaryotic symbionts of invertebrates is the intracellular bacteria of Wolbachia genus which can be found in about 50% of insect species. Wolbachia causes both parasitic and mutualisti...

    Authors: Nataly Е. Gruntenko, Yury Yu. Ilinsky, Natalya V. Adonyeva, Elena V. Burdina, Roman A. Bykov, Petr N. Menshanov and Inga Yu. Rauschenbach

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 2):252

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  10. Content type: Research article

    Tumour progression involves a series of phenotypic changes to cancer cells, each of which presents therapeutic targets. Here, using techniques adapted from microbial experimental evolution, we investigate the ...

    Authors: Tiffany B. Taylor, Anastasia V. Wass, Louise J. Johnson and Phil Dash

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:268

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have begun to reveal the complex evolutionary and biogeographic histories of mainland anoles in Central America, but the origins and relationships of many taxa remain poorly understood. One such...

    Authors: Erich P. Hofmann and Josiah H. Townsend

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:267

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Chelicerata represents a vast clade of mostly predatory arthropods united by a distinctive body plan throughout the Phanerozoic. Their origins, however, with respect to both their ancestral morphological featu...

    Authors: Cédric Aria and Jean-Bernard Caron

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:261

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:78

  13. Content type: Research article

    A deep divergence of mitochondrial DNA is common in species delimitated by morphological traits. Several hypotheses can explain such variations, such as cryptic species, introgression, allopatric divergence an...

    Authors: Chuanyin Dai, Yan Hao, Yong He and Fumin Lei

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:266

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Populations of herbivorous insects may become genetically differentiated because of local adaptation to different hosts and climates as well as historical processes, and further genetic divergence may occur fo...

    Authors: You-Zhu Wang, Bing-Yan Li, Ary Anthony Hoffmann, Li-Jun Cao, Ya-Jun Gong, Wei Song, Jia-Ying Zhu and Shu-Jun Wei

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:265

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Parental care, while increasing parental fitness through offspring survival, also bears cost to the care-giving parent. Consequentially, trade offs between parental care and other vitally important traits, suc...

    Authors: Isabel S. Keller, Walter Salzburger and Olivia Roth

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:264

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Invasive mosquito species are responsible for millions of vector-borne disease cases annually. The global invasive success of Aedes mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus has relied on the human tr...

    Authors: John Soghigian, Theodore G. Andreadis and Todd P. Livdahl

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:262

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Xenoturbella is a group of marine benthic animals lacking an anus and a centralized nervous system. Molecular phylogenetic analyses group the animal together with the Acoelomorpha, forming th...

    Authors: Hiroaki Nakano, Hideyuki Miyazawa, Akiteru Maeno, Toshihiko Shiroishi, Keiichi Kakui, Ryo Koyanagi, Miyuki Kanda, Noriyuki Satoh, Akihito Omori and Hisanori Kohtsuka

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:245

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:83

  18. Content type: Research Article

    The Na,K-ATPase is a vital animal cell-membrane protein that maintains the cell’s resting potential, among other functions. Cardenolides, a group of potent plant toxins, bind to and inhibit this pump. The gene...

    Authors: Jennifer N. Lohr, Fee Meinzer, Safaa Dalla, Renja Romey-Glüsing and Susanne Dobler

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:256

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  19. Content type: Research Article

    Genes encoding proteins underlying host-pathogen co-evolution and which are selected for new resistance specificities frequently are under positive selection, a process that maintains diversity. Here, we teste...

    Authors: Mariana Mondragón-Palomino, Remco Stam, Ajay John-Arputharaj and Thomas Dresselhaus

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:255

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  20. Content type: Research Article

    Characterizations of the dynamics of hybrid zones in space and time can give insights about traits and processes important in population divergence and speciation. We characterized a hybrid zone between tanage...

    Authors: Andrea Morales-Rozo, Elkin A. Tenorio, Matthew D. Carling and Carlos Daniel Cadena

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:257

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Morphological divergences of snake retinal structure point to complex evolutionary processes and adaptations. The Colubridae family has a remarkable variety of retinal structure that can range from all-cone an...

    Authors: E. Hauzman, D. M. O. Bonci, E. Y. Suárez-Villota, M. Neitz and D. F. Ventura

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:249

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    Rates of morphological evolution vary across different taxonomic groups, and this has been proposed as one of the main drivers for the great diversity of organisms on Earth. Of the extrinsic factors pertaining...

    Authors: Emma Sherratt, Jeanne M. Serb and Dean C. Adams

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:248

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The underlying mechanisms and processes that prompt the colonisation of extreme environments, such as caves, constitute major research themes of evolutionary biology and biospeleology. The special adaptations ...

    Authors: Jorge L. Pérez-Moreno, Gergely Balázs, Blake Wilkins, Gábor Herczeg and Heather D. Bracken-Grissom

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:247

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Long-term survival in isolated marginal seas of the China coast during the late Pleistocene ice ages is widely believed to be an important historical factor contributing to population genetic structure in coas...

    Authors: Jing-Jing Li, Zi-Min Hu, Zhong-Min Sun, Jian-Ting Yao, Fu-Li Liu, Pablo Fresia and De-Lin Duan

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:246

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  25. Content type: Research Article

    The glacial-interglacial cycles in the Pleistocene caused repeated range expansion and contraction of species in several regions in the world. However, it remains uncertain whether such climate oscillations ha...

    Authors: Feng Dong, Chih-Ming Hung, Xin-Lei Li, Jian-Yun Gao, Qiang Zhang, Fei Wu, Fu-Min Lei, Shou-Hsien Li and Xiao-Jun Yang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:244

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The volvocine lineage, containing unicellular Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and differentiated multicellular Volvox carteri, is a powerful model for comparative studies aiming at understanding emergence of multicellu...

    Authors: Yoko Arakaki, Takayuki Fujiwara, Hiroko Kawai-Toyooka, Kaoru Kawafune, Jonathan Featherston, Pierre M. Durand, Shin-ya Miyagishima and Hisayoshi Nozaki

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:243

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Although most extant animals have separate sexes, simultaneous hermaphrodites can be found in lineages throughout the animal kingdom. However, the sexual modes of key ancestral nodes including the last common ...

    Authors: Daniel A. Sasson and Joseph F. Ryan

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:242

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Ancient Di-Qiang people once resided in the Ganqing region of China, adjacent to the Central Plain area from where Han Chinese originated. While gene flow between the Di-Qiang and Han Chinese has been proposed...

    Authors: Jiawei Li, Wen Zeng, Ye Zhang, Albert Min-Shan Ko, Chunxiang Li, Hong Zhu, Qiaomei Fu and Hui Zhou

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:239

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The presence of non-coding introns is a characteristic feature of most eukaryotic genes. While the size of the introns, number of introns per gene and the number of intron-containing genes can vary greatly bet...

    Authors: Rajiv K. Parvathaneni, Victoria L. DeLeo, John J. Spiekerman, Debkanta Chakraborty and Katrien M. Devos

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:238

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The transition to a parasitic lifestyle entails comprehensive changes to the selective regime. In parasites, genes encoding for traits that facilitate host detection, exploitation and transmission should be un...

    Authors: B. Feldmeyer, D. Elsner, A. Alleman and S. Foitzik

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:237

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  31. Content type: Research article

    An important feature of eukaryotic evolution is metabolic compartmentalization, in which certain pathways are restricted to the cytosol or specific organelles. Glycolysis in eukaryotes is described as a cytoso...

    Authors: Melania Abrahamian, Meenakshi Kagda, Audrey M. V. Ah-Fong and Howard S. Judelson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:241

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The classification of closely related plants is not straightforward. These morphologically similar taxa frequently maintain their inter-hybridization potential and share ancestral polymorphisms as a consequenc...

    Authors: Ana Lúcia A. Segatto, Maikel Reck-Kortmann, Caroline Turchetto and Loreta B. Freitas

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:234

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The oviparity-viviparity transition is a major evolutionary event, likely altering the reproductive process of the organisms involved. Residual yolk, a portion of yolk remaining unutilized at hatching or birth...

    Authors: Yan-Qing Wu, Yan-Fu Qu, Xue-Ji Wang, Jian-Fang Gao and Xiang Ji

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:235

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Debilitating skin infestations caused by the mite, Sarcoptes scabiei, have a profound impact on human and animal health globally. In Australia, this impact is evident across different segments of Australian socie...

    Authors: Tamieka A. Fraser, Renfu Shao, Nicholas M. Fountain-Jones, Michael Charleston, Alynn Martin, Pam Whiteley, Roz Holme, Scott Carver and Adam Polkinghorne

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:233

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The Cas4 family endonuclease is a component of the adaptation module in many variants of CRISPR-Cas adaptive immunity systems. Unlike most of the other Cas proteins, Cas4 is often encoded outside CRISPR-cas loci ...

    Authors: Sanjarbek Hudaiberdiev, Sergey Shmakov, Yuri I. Wolf, Michael P. Terns, Kira S. Makarova and Eugene V. Koonin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:232

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Due to their great species and ecological diversity as well as their capacity to produce hundreds of different toxins, cone snails are of interest to evolutionary biologists, pharmacologists and amateur natura...

    Authors: Samuel Abalde, Manuel J. Tenorio, Carlos M. L. Afonso, Juan E. Uribe, Ana M. Echeverry and Rafael Zardoya

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:231

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The Neotropical Region is known for its biodiversity and ranks third in number of known termite species. However, biogeographic and phylogeographic information of termites of this region is limited compared to...

    Authors: Amanda de Faria Santos, Tiago Fernandes Carrijo, Eliana Marques Cancello and Adriana Coletto Morales-Corrêa e Castro

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:230

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Siglecs-11 and -16 are members of the sialic acid recognizing Ig-like lectin family, and expressed in same cells. Siglec-11 functions as an inhibitory receptor, whereas Siglec-16 exhibits activating properties...

    Authors: Toshiyuki Hayakawa, Zahra Khedri, Flavio Schwarz, Corinna Landig, Suh-Yuen Liang, Hai Yu, Xi Chen, Naoko T. Fujito, Yoko Satta, Ajit Varki and Takashi Angata

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:228

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Organisms living at high altitudes face low oxygen and temperature conditions; thus, the genetic mechanisms underlying the adaptations in these organisms merit investigation. The glyptosternoid fish, Creteuchilog...

    Authors: Jingliang Kang, Xiuhui Ma and Shunping He

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:229

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Genetically divergent cryptic species are frequently detected by molecular methods. These discoveries are often a byproduct of molecular barcoding studies in which fragments of a selected marker are used for s...

    Authors: Anne Thielsch, Alexis Knell, Ali Mohammadyari, Adam Petrusek and Klaus Schwenk

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:227

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Longwing butterflies, Heliconius sp., also called heliconians, are striking examples of diversity and mimicry in butterflies. Heliconians feature strongly colored patterns on their wings, arising from wing scales...

    Authors: Bodo D. Wilts, Aidan J. M. Vey, Adriana D. Briscoe and Doekele G. Stavenga

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:226

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Phylactolaemata is commonly regarded the earliest branch within Bryozoa and thus the sister group to the other bryozoan taxa, Cyclostomata and Gymnolaemata. Therefore, the taxon is important for the reconstruc...

    Authors: Natalie Gawin, Andreas Wanninger and Thomas Schwaha

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:225

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  43. Content type: Methodology article

    Primulina Hance is an emerging model for studying evolutionary divergence, adaptation and speciation of the karst flora. However, phylogenetic relationships within the genus have not b...

    Authors: Chao Feng, Meizhen Xu, Chen Feng, Eric J. B. von Wettberg and Ming Kang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:224

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