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  1. Research article

    A genetic chronology for the Indian Subcontinent points to heavily sex-biased dispersals

    India is a patchwork of tribal and non-tribal populations that speak many different languages from various language families. Indo-European, spoken across northern and central India, and also in Pakistan and B...

    Marina Silva, Marisa Oliveira, Daniel Vieira, Andreia Brandão, Teresa Rito, Joana B. Pereira, Ross M. Fraser, Bob Hudson, Francesca Gandini, Ceiridwen Edwards, Maria Pala, John Koch, James F. Wilson, Luísa Pereira, Martin B. Richards and Pedro Soares

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:88

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Transcriptomic insights into the genetic basis of mammalian limb diversity

    From bat wings to whale flippers, limb diversification has been crucial to the evolutionary success of mammals. We performed the first transcriptome-wide study of limb development in multiple species to explor...

    Jennifer A. Maier, Marcelo Rivas-Astroza, Jenny Deng, Anna Dowling, Paige Oboikovitz, Xiaoyi Cao, Richard R. Behringer, Chris J. Cretekos, John J. Rasweiler, Sheng Zhong and Karen E. Sears

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:86

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Discovery and evolution of novel hemerythrin genes in annelid worms

    Despite extensive study on hemoglobins and hemocyanins, little is known about hemerythrin (Hr) evolutionary history. Four subgroups of Hrs have been documented, including: circulating Hr (cHr), myohemerythrin ...

    Elisa M. Costa-Paiva, Nathan V. Whelan, Damien S. Waits, Scott R. Santos, Carlos G. Schrago and Kenneth M. Halanych

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:85

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Surface layer proteins from virulent Clostridium difficile ribotypes exhibit signatures of positive selection with consequences for innate immune response

    Clostridium difficile is a nosocomial pathogen prevalent in hospitals worldwide and increasingly common in the community. Sequence differences have been shown to be present in the Surf...

    Mark Lynch, Thomas A. Walsh, Izabela Marszalowska, Andrew E. Webb, Micheál MacAogain, Thomas R. Rogers, Henry Windle, Dermot Kelleher, Mary J. O’Connell and Christine E. Loscher

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:90

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  5. Research article

    Cytotype coexistence in the field cannot be explained by inter-cytotype hybridization alone: linking experiments and computer simulations in the sexual species Pilosella echioides (Asteraceae)

    Processes driving ploidal diversity at the population level are virtually unknown. Their identification should use a combination of large-scale screening of ploidy levels in the field, pairwise crossing experi...

    Jindřich Chrtek, Tomáš Herben, Radka Rosenbaumová, Zuzana Münzbergová, Zuzana Dočkalová, Jaroslav Zahradníček, Jana Krejčíková and Pavel Trávníček

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:87

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Exploring the evolutionary origin of floral organs of Erycina pusilla, an emerging orchid model system

    Thousands of flowering plant species attract pollinators without offering rewards, but the evolution of this deceit is poorly understood. Rewardless flowers of the orchid Erycina pusilla have an enlarged median s...

    Anita Dirks-Mulder, Roland Butôt, Peter van Schaik, Jan Willem P. M. Wijnands, Roel van den Berg, Louie Krol, Sadhana Doebar, Kelly van Kooperen, Hugo de Boer, Elena M. Kramer, Erik F. Smets, Rutger A. Vos, Alexander Vrijdaghs and Barbara Gravendeel

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:89

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  7. Research article

    Evolution of group I introns in Porifera: new evidence for intron mobility and implications for DNA barcoding

    Mitochondrial introns intermit coding regions of genes and feature characteristic secondary structures and splicing mechanisms. In metazoans, mitochondrial introns have only been detected in sponges, cnidarian...

    Astrid Schuster, Jose V. Lopez, Leontine E. Becking, Michelle Kelly, Shirley A. Pomponi, Gert Wörheide, Dirk Erpenbeck and Paco Cárdenas

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:82

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  8. Research article

    Ancestral and novel roles of Pax family genes in mollusks

    Pax genes are transcription factors with significant roles in cell fate specification and tissue differentiation during animal ontogeny. Most information on their tempo-spatial mode of expression is available ...

    Maik Scherholz, Emanuel Redl, Tim Wollesen, André Luiz de Oliveira, Christiane Todt and Andreas Wanninger

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:81

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  9. Research article

    Late Danubian mitochondrial genomes shed light into the Neolithisation of Central Europe in the 5th millennium BC

    Recent aDNA studies are progressively focusing on various Neolithic and Hunter - Gatherer (HG) populations, providing arguments in favor of major migrations accompanying European Neolithisation. The major focu...

    Maciej Chyleński, Anna Juras, Edvard Ehler, Helena Malmström, Janusz Piontek, Mattias Jakobsson, Arkadiusz Marciniak and Miroslawa Dabert

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:80

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Ruminant-specific multiple duplication events of PRDM9 before speciation

    Understanding the genetic and evolutionary mechanisms of speciation genes in sexually reproducing organisms would provide important insights into mammalian reproduction and fitness. PRDM9, a widely known speci...

    Abinash Padhi, Botong Shen, Jicai Jiang, Yang Zhou, George E. Liu and Li Ma

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:79

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  11. Research article

    Duplication and concerted evolution of MiSp-encoding genes underlie the material properties of minor ampullate silks of cobweb weaving spiders

    Orb-web weaving spiders and their relatives use multiple types of task-specific silks. The majority of spider silk studies have focused on the ultra-tough dragline silk synthesized in major ampullate glands, b...

    Jannelle M. Vienneau-Hathaway, Elizabeth R. Brassfield, Amanda Kelly Lane, Matthew A. Collin, Sandra M. Correa-Garhwal, Thomas H. Clarke, Evelyn E. Schwager, Jessica E. Garb, Cheryl Y. Hayashi and Nadia A. Ayoub

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:78

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  12. Research article

    Comprehensive transcriptomic analysis of Tibetan Schizothoracinae fish Gymnocypris przewalskii reveals how it adapts to a high altitude aquatic life

    Understanding the genetic basis of adaptation to high altitude life is of paramount importance for preserving and managing genetic diversity in highland animals. This objective has been addressed mainly in ter...

    Chao Tong, Tian Fei, Cunfang Zhang and Kai Zhao

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:74

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  13. Research article

    Spatial turnover in host-plant availability drives host-associated divergence in a South African leafhopper (Cephalelus uncinatus)

    The evolution of reproductive isolation between herbivorous insect populations is often initiated by shifts to novel host-plants, a process that underlies some of the best examples of ecological speciation. Ho...

    Willem J. Augustyn, Bruce Anderson, Jeroen F. van der Merwe and Allan G. Ellis

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:72

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  14. Research article

    Asymmetric cellular memory in bacteria exposed to antibiotics

    The ability to form a cellular memory and use it for cellular decision-making could help bacteria to cope with recurrent stress conditions. We analyzed whether bacteria would form a cellular memory specificall...

    Roland Mathis and Martin Ackermann

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:73

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  15. Research article

    Low genetic but high morphological variation over more than 1000 km coastline refutes omnipresence of cryptic diversity in marine nematodes

    The resilience of ecosystems to negative impacts is generally higher when high gene flow, species diversity and genetic diversity are present. Population genetic studies are suitable to investigate genetic div...

    Daniel Apolônio Silva de Oliveira, Wilfrida Decraemer, Tom Moens, Giovanni Amadeu Paiva dos Santos and Sofie Derycke

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:71

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  16. Research article

    Implications of hepatitis C virus subtype 1a migration patterns for virus genetic sequencing policies in Italy

    In-depth phylogeographic analysis can reveal migration patterns relevant for public health planning. Here, as a model, we focused on the provenance, in the current Italian HCV subtype 1a epidemic, of the NS3 r...

    Lize Cuypers, Bram Vrancken, Lavinia Fabeni, Nadia Marascio, Valeria Cento, Velia Chiara Di Maio, Marianna Aragri, Andrea Clemencia Pineda-Peña, Yoeri Schrooten, Kristel Van Laethem, Daniel Balog, Alfredo Focà, Carlo Torti, Frederik Nevens, Carlo Federico Perno, Anne-Mieke Vandamme…

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:70

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  17. Research article

    Genetic basis of allochronic differentiation in the fall armyworm

    Very little is known on how changes in circadian rhythms evolve. The noctuid moth Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) consists of two strains that exhibit allochronic differentiation in their mating ti...

    Sabine Hänniger, Pascaline Dumas, Gerhard Schöfl, Steffi Gebauer-Jung, Heiko Vogel, Melanie Unbehend, David G. Heckel and Astrid T. Groot

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:68

    Published on: 6 March 2017

  18. Research article

    Strain-dependent mutational effects for Pepino mosaic virus in a natural host

    Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) is an emerging plant pathogen that infects tomatoes worldwide. Understanding the factors that influence its evolutionary success is essential for developing...

    Julia Minicka, Santiago F. Elena, Natasza Borodynko-Filas, Błażej Rubiś and Beata Hasiów-Jaroszewska

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:67

    Published on: 6 March 2017

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