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Table 2 Y-chromosome haplogroup J1-Page08 variance, divergence and expansion times based on six(a) STR loci.

From: In search of the genetic footprints of Sumerians: a survey of Y-chromosome and mtDNA variation in the Marsh Arabs of Iraq

Population N Mean YSTR Variance Divergence time ± SD kya Expansion time (95% CI) Reference
     Mean Median  
Turkish/Area 4 5 0.367 12.1 ± 4.0    [43]
Turkish/Areas 6,5 7 0.294 9.5 ± 6.5    [43]
Turkish/Area 1 7 0.357 13.8 ± 3.7    [43]
Turkish/Area 9 5 0.150 6.0 ± 2.2    [43]
Assyrian 7 0.262 10.4 ± 5.2    [43]
Iraqi/Kurd 7 0.325 13.8 ± 6.5    [43]
Iraqi 41 0.154 5.9 ± 2.0 8.4 (1.9-20.1) 6.6 (1.7-17.9) [Present study]
Iraqi/Marsh Arab 104 0.118 4.5 ± 2.6 4.8 (0.7-16.1) 3.5 (0.6-14.2) [Present study]
Iraqi/Nassiriya 14 0.153 5.6 ± 2.9    [43]
Iranian/S-West 18 0.157 5.5 ± 2.0 8.1 (1.3-22.3) 5.9 (1.1-19.3) [Present study]
Syrian 68 0.221 8.6 ± 2.9 9.8 (1.8-25.6) 7.3 (1.6-22.3) [43]
Jordanian 35 0.234 9.3 ± 2.8 11.4 (2.2-30.2) 8.4 (2.0-26.4) [43]
Palestinian 16 0.206 7.5 ± 3.7    [43]
Jewish 15 0.149 5.2 ± 2.6    [Present study]
Negev Bedouin 18 0.099 4.0 ± 1.9    [43]
Kuwaitian 16 0.221 11.0 ± 9.6    [Present study]
Qatarian 41 0.149 6.5 ± 2.2 6.6 (0.7-17.5) 5.1 (0.6-15.5) [43]
Emirati 57 0.186 7.7 ± 2.1 8.9 (1.4-23.4) 6.6 (1.3-20.7) [43]
Omanian 45 0.310 13.3 ± 4.4    [43]
Yemeni 42 0.205 8.8 ± 3.7    [43]
Egyptian 29 0.226 8.5 ± 2.6    [43]
Tunisian 19 0.158 5.9 ± 1.2    [Present study]
Algerian 6 0.189 6.0 ± 4.9    [Present study]
Ethiopian/Amhara 10 0.270 9.5 ± 2.7    [Present study]
Sudanese 26 0.091 3.5 ± 1.9    [31]
Italian 13 0.252 9.5 ± 3.6    [Present study]
Balkan/Central 7 0.171 8.1 ± 2.7    [14, Present study]
  1. (a) DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391 and DYS392.
  2. (b) Divergence time according to [28, 29].
  3. (c) Expansion time was estimated only in the populations involved in the J1-Page08 expansion as revealed by the network illustrated in figure 6, through the BATWING procedure [30], assuming an initial constant population size followed by expansion at time β with a growth rate of α. Alfa and beta parameters are as in [31].
  4. For both methods the effective mutation rate and a generation time of 25 years [28] were used.