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  1. Research article

    Conserved patterns of integrated developmental plasticity in a group of polyphenic tropical butterflies

    Developmental plasticity is thought to have profound macro-evolutionary effects, for example, by increasing the probability of establishment in new environments and subsequent divergence into independently evo...

    Erik van Bergen, Dave Osbaldeston, Ullasa Kodandaramaiah, Oskar Brattström, Kwaku Aduse-Poku and Paul M. Brakefield

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:59

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  2. Research article

    Variation in rates of spontaneous male production within the nematode species Pristionchus pacificus supports an adaptive role for males and outcrossing

    The nematode species Pristionchus pacificus has an androdioecious mating system in which populations consist of self-fertilizing hermaphrodites and relatively few males. The prevalence of males in such a system i...

    Katy Morgan, Angela McGaughran, Christian Rödelsperger and Ralf J. Sommer

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:57

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  3. Research article

    Very high MHC Class IIB diversity without spatial differentiation in the mediterranean population of greater Flamingos

    Selective pressure from pathogens is thought to shape the allelic diversity of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes in vertebrates. In particular, both local adaptation to pathogens and gene flow are t...

    Mark A. F. Gillingham, Arnaud Béchet, Alexandre Courtiol, Manuel Rendón-Martos, Juan A. Amat, Boudjéma Samraoui, Ortaç Onmuş, Simone Sommer and Frank Cézilly

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:56

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  4. Research article

    Genome data on the extinct Bison schoetensacki establish it as a sister species of the extant European bison (Bison bonasus)

    The European bison (Bison bonasus), now found in Europe and the Caucasus, has been proposed to originate either from the extinct steppe/extant American bison lineage or from the extinct Bison schoetensacki lineag...

    Pauline Palacio, Véronique Berthonaud, Claude Guérin, Josie Lambourdière, Frédéric Maksud, Michel Philippe, Delphine Plaire, Thomas Stafford, Marie-Claude Marsolier-Kergoat and Jean-Marc Elalouf

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:48

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  5. Research

    Genomic landscape of CpG rich elements in human

    The studies on CpG islands (CGI) and Alu elements functions, evolution, and distribution in the genome started since the discovery in nineteen eighties (1981, 1986, correspondingly). Their highly skewed genome...

    Vladimir N. Babenko, Irina V. Chadaeva and Yuriy L. Orlov

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 1):19

    Published on: 7 February 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 1

  6. Research article

    Grandparental immune priming in the pipefish Syngnathus typhle

    Phenotypic changes in response to environmental influences can persist from one generation into the next. In many systems parental parasite experience influences offspring immune responses, known as transgener...

    Anne Beemelmanns and Olivia Roth

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:44

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  7. Research

    Molecular cytogenetic analysis reveals the existence of two independent neo-XY sex chromosome systems in Anatolian Pamphagidae grasshoppers

    Neo-XY sex chromosome determination is a rare event in short horned grasshoppers, but it appears with unusual frequency in the Pamphagidae family. The neo-Y chromosomes found in several species appear to have ...

    Ilyas Yerkinovich Jetybayev, Alexander Gennadievich Bugrov, Mustafa Ünal, Olesya Georgievna Buleu and Nikolay Borisovich Rubtsov

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 1):20

    Published on: 7 February 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 1

  8. Research

    Genomic exaptation enables Lasius niger adaptation to urban environments

    The world is rapidly urbanizing, and only a subset of species are able to succeed in stressful city environments. Efficient genome-enabled stress response appears to be a likely prerequisite for urban adaptati...

    Evgenii A. Konorov, Mikhail A. Nikitin, Kirill V Mikhailov, Sergey N. Lysenkov, Mikhail Belenky, Peter L. Chang, Sergey V. Nuzhdin and Victoria A. Scobeyeva

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 1):39

    Published on: 7 February 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 1

  9. Research article

    Susceptibility to type 2 diabetes may be modulated by haplotypes in G6PC2, a target of positive selection

    The endoplasmic reticulum enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase catalyzes the common terminal reaction in the gluconeogenic/glycogenolytic pathways and plays a central role in glucose homeostasis. In most mammals, diff...

    Nasser M. Al-Daghri, Chiara Pontremoli, Rachele Cagliani, Diego Forni, Majed S. Alokail, Omar S. Al-Attas, Shaun Sabico, Stefania Riva, Mario Clerici and Manuela Sironi

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:43

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  10. Research Article

    The importance of selection in the evolution of blindness in cavefish

    Blindness has evolved repeatedly in cave-dwelling organisms, and many hypotheses have been proposed to explain this observation, including both accumulation of neutral loss-of-function mutations and adaptation...

    Reed A. Cartwright, Rachel S. Schwartz, Alexandra L. Merry and Megan M. Howell

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:45

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  11. Research

    Phylogeography of human Y-chromosome haplogroup Q3-L275 from an academic/citizen science collaboration

    The Y-chromosome haplogroup Q has three major branches: Q1, Q2, and Q3. Q1 is found in both Asia and the Americas where it accounts for about 90% of indigenous Native American Y-chromosomes; Q2 is found in Nor...

    Oleg Balanovsky, Vladimir Gurianov, Valery Zaporozhchenko, Olga Balaganskaya, Vadim Urasin, Maxat Zhabagin, Viola Grugni, Rebekah Canada, Nadia Al-Zahery, Alessandro Raveane, Shao-Qing Wen, Shi Yan, Xianpin Wang, Pierre Zalloua, Abdullah Marafi, Sergey Koshel…

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 1):18

    Published on: 7 February 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 1

  12. Research article

    Selection on the mitochondrial ATP synthase 6 and the NADH dehydrogenase 2 genes in hares (Lepus capensis L., 1758) from a steep ecological gradient in North Africa

    Recent studies of selection on mitochondrial (mt) OXPHOS genes suggest adaptation due mainly to environmental variation. In this context, Tunisian hares that display several external phenotypes with phylogenet...

    Hichem Ben Slimen, Helmut Schaschl, Felix Knauer and Franz Suchentrunk

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:46

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  13. Research

    In silico evolution of the Drosophila gap gene regulatory sequence under elevated mutational pressure

    Cis-regulatory sequences are often composed of many low-affinity transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs). Determining the evolutionary and functional importance of regulatory sequen...

    Aleksandra A. Chertkova, Joshua S. Schiffman, Sergey V. Nuzhdin, Konstantin N. Kozlov, Maria G. Samsonova and Vitaly V. Gursky

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 1):4

    Published on: 7 February 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 1

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