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  1. Content type: Research article

    Quaternary climatic oscillations had tremendous effects on the current distribution of species. Here, we aim to elucidate the glacial history of Rhodiola crenulata, a perennial herb almost exclusively restricted ...

    Authors: Yuan-Zhen Zhang, Ruo-Wei Zhu, Da-Lv Zhong and Jian-Qiang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:154

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Selection for a certain trait in microbes depends on the genetic background of the strain and the selection pressure of the environmental conditions acting on the cells. In contrast to the sessile state in the...

    Authors: Anne Richter, Theresa Hölscher, Patrick Pausch, Tim Sehrt, Franziska Brockhaus, Gert Bange and Ákos T Kovács

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:155

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Refugial populations in Quaternary glaciations are critical to understanding the evolutionary history and climatic interactions of many extant species. Compared with the well-studied areas of Europe and Northe...

    Authors: Wei Song, Li-Jun Cao, Bing-Yan Li, Ya-Jun Gong, Ary Anthony Hoffmann and Shu-Jun Wei

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:152

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The males of some sepsid species (Sepsidae: Diptera) have abdominal appendages that are remarkable in several ways. They are sexually dimorphic, have a complex evolutionary history of gain and loss, and can be...

    Authors: Dacotah Melicher, Kathy F Y Su, Rudolf Meier and Julia H Bowsher

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:151

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Tamquammys has been considered one of the basal ctenodactyloid rodents, which has been documented in the earliest to middle Eocene (~ 56.0–48.5 Ma) in China. It was the most abundant and widespread rodent genus i...

    Authors: Łucja Fostowicz-Frelik, Qian Li and Xijun Ni

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:150

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Sabellarids, also known as honeycomb or sandcastle worms, when building their tubes, produce chemical signals (free fatty acids) that are responsible for larval settlement and the formation of three-dimensiona...

    Authors: Conrad Helm, Michael J Bok, Pat Hutchings, Elena Kupriyanova and María Capa

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:149

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Members of the Bacillus genus have been isolated from a variety of environments. However, the relationship between potential metabolism and the niche from which bacteria of this genus have been isolated has not b...

    Authors: Ismael L. Hernández-González, Gabriel Moreno-Hagelsieb and Gabriela Olmedo-Álvarez

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:148

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Extended parental care is a complex reproductive strategy in which progenitors actively look after their offspring up to – or beyond – the first juvenile stage in order to maximize their fitness. Although the ...

    Authors: Dongjing Fu, Javier Ortega-Hernández, Allison C Daley, Xingliang Zhang and Degan Shu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:147

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Intraspecific variation in chromosome structure may cause genetic incompatibilities and thus provides the first step in the formation of species. In ants, chromosome number varies tremendously from 2n = 2 to 2...

    Authors: Danon Clemes Cardoso, Jürgen Heinze, Mariana Neves Moura and Maykon Passos Cristiano

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:146

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Adaptation to new hosts in phytophagous insects often involves mechanisms of host recognition by genes of sensory pathways. Most often the molecular evolution of sensory genes has been explained in the context...

    Authors: Fernando Diaz, Carson W. Allan and Luciano M. Matzkin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:144

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Divergent selection has been shown to promote speciation in many taxa and especially in phytophagous insects. In the Ostrinia species complex, the European corn borer (ECB) and adzuki bean borer (ABB) are two sib...

    Authors: M. Orsucci, P. Audiot, S. Nidelet, F. Dorkeld, A. Pommier, M. Vabre, D. Severac, M. Rohmer, B. Gschloessl and R. Streiff

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:145

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Microhabitat changes are thought to be among the main drivers of diversification. However, this conclusion is mostly based on studies on vertebrates. Here, we investigate the influence of microhabitat on diver...

    Authors: Jonas Eberle, Dimitar Dimitrov, Alejandro Valdez-Mondragón and Bernhard A. Huber

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:141

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Sexual selection continues after copulation via either sperm competition or cryptic female choice, and favors sperm traits that maximize sperm competitiveness. Both sperm swimming velocity and longevity are im...

    Authors: Alfonso Rojas Mora, Magali Meniri, Sabrina Ciprietti and Fabrice Helfenstein

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:142

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Confined within the freezing Southern Ocean, the Antarctic notothenioids have evolved to become both cold adapted and cold specialized. A marked signature of cold specialization is an apparent loss of the cell...

    Authors: Kevin T. Bilyk, Luis Vargas-Chacoff and C.-H.Christina Cheng

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:143

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Disparity in the timing of biological events occurs across a variety of systems, yet the understanding of genetic basis underlying diverse phenologies remains limited. Variation in maturation timing occurs in ...

    Authors: Steven J. Micheletti, Jon E. Hess, Joseph S. Zendt and Shawn R. Narum

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:140

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Genetic introgression between divergent lineages is now considered more common than previously appreciated, with potentially important consequences for adaptation and speciation. Introgression is often asymmet...

    Authors: Jeremy M. Bono, Helen K. Pigage, Peter J. Wettstein, Stephanie A. Prosser and Jon C. Pigage

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:139

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Chytridiomycota species (chytrids) belong to a basal lineage in the fungal kingdom. Inhabiting terrestrial and aquatic environments, most are free-living saprophytes but several species cause important disease...

    Authors: Bart T. L. H. van de Vossenberg, Balázs Brankovics, Hai D. T. Nguyen, Marga P. E. van Gent-Pelzer, Donna Smith, Kasia Dadej, Jarosław Przetakiewicz, Jan F. Kreuze, Margriet Boerma, Gerard C. M. van Leeuwen, C. André Lévesque and Theo A. J. van der Lee

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:136

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Phylogenetic relationships among Eastern Hemisphere cypresses, Western Hemisphere cypresses, junipers, and their closest relatives are controversial, and generic delimitations have been in flux for the past de...

    Authors: Andan Zhu, Weishu Fan, Robert P. Adams and Jeffrey P. Mower

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:137

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The plane leaf miner, Phyllonorycter platani is a widely distributed insect species on plane trees and has a well-documented colonisation history in Europe over the last century. However, phylogeographic data of ...

    Authors: Viktória Tóth and Ferenc Lakatos

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:135

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  20. Content type: Research article

    While the communities constituted by phytophageous insects and their parasites may represent half of all terrestrial animal species, understanding their diversification remains a major challenge. A neglected i...

    Authors: Hui Yu, Dan Liang, Enwei Tian, Linna Zheng and Finn Kjellberg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:134

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The zooplanktonic cladocerans Daphnia, present in a wide range of water bodies, are an important component of freshwater ecosystems. In contrast to their high dispersal capacity through diapausing eggs carried by...

    Authors: Mingbo Yin, Xiaoyu Wang, Xiaolin Ma, Sabine Gießler, Adam Petrusek, Johanna Griebel, Wei Hu and Justyna Wolinska

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:130

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  22. Content type: Research article

    As the topologies produced by previous molecular and morphological studies were contradictory and unstable (polytomy), evolutionary relationships within the Diplozoidae family and the Monogenea class (controve...

    Authors: Dong Zhang, Hong Zou, Shan G. Wu, Ming Li, Ivan Jakovlić, Jin Zhang, Rong Chen, Wen X. Li and Gui T. Wang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:133

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The specialist-generalist variation hypothesis (SGVH) in parasites suggests that, due to patchiness in habitat (host availability), specialist species will show more subdivided population structure when compar...

    Authors: Conrad A. Matthee, Adriaan Engelbrecht and Sonja Matthee

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:131

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The processes leading to the diversity of over 7000 present-day languages have been the subject of scholarly interest for centuries. Several factors have been suggested to contribute to the spatial segregation...

    Authors: Terhi Honkola, Kalle Ruokolainen, Kaj J. J. Syrjänen, Unni-Päivä Leino, Ilpo Tammi, Niklas Wahlberg and Outi Vesakoski

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:132

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Genes underlying signal production and reception are expected to evolve to maximize signal detection in specific environments. Fireflies vary in their light signal color both within and between species, and th...

    Authors: Sarah E. Lower, Kathrin F. Stanger-Hall and David W. Hall

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:129

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Coalescent methods that use multi-locus sequence data are powerful tools for identifying putatively reproductively isolated lineages, though this approach has rarely been used for the study of microbial groups...

    Authors: Spencer C. Galen, Renato Nunes, Paul R. Sweet and Susan L. Perkins

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:128

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The molecular bases explaining the diversity of dental tissue mineralization across gnathostomes are still poorly understood. Odontodes, such as teeth and body denticles, are serial structures that develop thr...

    Authors: Sébastien Enault, David Muñoz, Paul Simion, Stéphanie Ventéo, Jean-Yves Sire, Sylvain Marcellini and Mélanie Debiais-Thibaud

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:127

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Temperature is a major determinant of spontaneous mutation, but the precise mode, and the underlying mechanisms, of the temperature influences remain less clear. Here we used a mutation accumulation approach c...

    Authors: Xiao-Lin Chu, Bo-Wen Zhang, Quan-Guo Zhang, Bi-Ru Zhu, Kui Lin and Da-Yong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:126

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Understanding how phenotypic variation scales from individuals, through populations, up to species, and how it relates to genetic and environmental factors, is essential for deciphering the evolutionary mechan...

    Authors: Antigoni Kaliontzopoulou, Catarina Pinho and Fernando Martínez-Freiría

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:124

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Macroevolutionary modeling of species diversification plays important roles in inferring large-scale biodiversity patterns. It allows estimation of speciation and extinction rates and statistically testing the...

    Authors: Jingchun Li, Jen-Pen Huang, Jeet Sukumaran and L. Lacey Knowles

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:123

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the mechanisms that underlie the diversification of herbivores through interactions with their hosts is important for their diversity assessment and identification of expansion events, particular...

    Authors: Anna Skoracka, Luís Filipe Lopes, Maria Judite Alves, Adam Miller, Mariusz Lewandowski, Wiktoria Szydło, Agnieszka Majer, Elżbieta Różańska and Lechosław Kuczyński

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:122

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The majority of wood decomposing fungi are mushroom-forming Agaricomycetes, which exhibit two main modes of plant cell wall decomposition: white rot, in which all plant cell wall components are degraded, inclu...

    Authors: Franz-Sebastian Krah, Claus Bässler, Christoph Heibl, John Soghigian, Hanno Schaefer and David S. Hibbett

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:119

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The adaptive immune system of vertebrates has an extraordinary potential to sense and neutralize foreign antigens entering the body. De novo evolution of genes implies that the genome itself expresses novel antig...

    Authors: Cemalettin Bekpen, Chen Xie and Diethard Tautz

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:121

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Mesoderm is generally considered to be a germ layer that is unique to Bilateria, and it develops into diverse tissues, including muscle, and in the case of vertebrates, the skeleton and notochord. Studies on v...

    Authors: Tzu-Pei Fan, Hsiu-Chi Ting, Jr-Kai Yu and Yi-Hsien Su

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:120

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  35. Content type: Correction

    In the original publication of this article [1] there was an error in an author name. In this correction article the correct and incorrect name are indicated.

    Authors: Russell J. S. Orr, Sen Zhao, Dag Klaveness, Akinori Yabuki, Keiji Ikeda, Makoto M. Watanabe and Kamran Shalchian-Tabrizi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:118

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    The original article was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:115

  36. Content type: Correction

    Correction to: BMC Evolutionary Biology (2018) 18:90https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12862-018-1207-0.

    Authors: Isidora Mura-Jornet, Carolina Pimentel, Gisele P. M. Dantas, Maria Virginia Petry, Daniel González-Acuña, Andrés Barbosa, Andrew D. Lowther, Kit M. Kovacs, Elie Poulin and Juliana A. Vianna

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:117

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    The original article was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:90

  37. Content type: Research article

    Populations that have repeatedly colonized novel environments are useful for studying the role of ecology in adaptive divergence – particularly if some individuals persist in the ancestral habitat. Such “conte...

    Authors: Matthew R. J. Morris, Ella Bowles, Brandon E. Allen, Heather A. Jamniczky and Sean M. Rogers

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:113

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The class Diphyllatea belongs to a group of enigmatic unicellular eukaryotes that play a key role in reconstructing the morphological innovation and diversification of early eukaryotic evolution. Despite its e...

    Authors: Russell J. S. Orr, Sen Zhao, Dag Klaveness, Akinori Yabuki, Keiji Ikeda, Makoto M. Watanabe and Kamran Shalchian-Tabrizi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:115

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:118

  39. Content type: Research article

    Approximately 80% of all described extant sponge species belong to the class Demospongiae. Yet, despite their diversity and importance, accurate divergence times are still unknown for most demosponge clades. T...

    Authors: Astrid Schuster, Sergio Vargas, Ingrid S. Knapp, Shirley A. Pomponi, Robert J. Toonen, Dirk Erpenbeck and Gert Wörheide

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:114

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  40. Content type: Research article

    One of the most perplexing questions in evolutionary biology is why some lineages diversify into many species, and others do not. In many cases, ecological opportunity has played an important role, leading to ...

    Authors: Kimberly L. Foster and Kyle R. Piller

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:116

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Spatial isolation, diverging environmental conditions and social structures may lead to the differentiation of various traits, e.g. molecules, morphology and behaviour. Bird calls may provide important informa...

    Authors: Jan Christian Habel, Martin Husemann and Werner Ulrich

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:112

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Hirsutella Pat genus, the asexual morphs of the Ophiocordyceps Sung, is globally distributed entomopathogenic fungi, which infect a variety of arthropods, mites and nematodes. The fungal species also have shown p...

    Authors: Jiaojiao Qu, Yeming Zhou, Jianping Yu, Jian Zhang, Yanfeng Han and Xiao Zou

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:111

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The maintenance of considerable genetic variation in sexually selected traits (SSTs) is puzzling given directional selection expected to act on these traits. A possible explanation is the existence of a genoty...

    Authors: Agata Plesnar-Bielak, Anna Maria Skwierzyńska, Kasper Hlebowicz and Jacek Radwan

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:109

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Species with a restricted geographic distribution, and highly specialized habitat and dietary requirements, are particularly vulnerable to extinction. The Bale monkey (Chlorocebus djamdjamensis) is a little-known...

    Authors: Addisu Mekonnen, Eli K. Rueness, Nils Chr. Stenseth, Peter J. Fashing, Afework Bekele, R. Adriana Hernandez-Aguilar, Rose Missbach, Tanja Haus, Dietmar Zinner and Christian Roos

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:106

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Symbiosis is a major source of evolutionary innovation and, by allowing species to exploit new ecological niches, underpins the functioning of ecosystems. The transition from free-living to obligate symbiosis ...

    Authors: Ewan J. A. Minter, Chris D. Lowe, Megan E. S. Sørensen, A. Jamie Wood, Duncan D. Cameron and Michael A. Brockhurst

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:108

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Outbreaks caused by asexual lineages of fungal and oomycete pathogens are a continuing threat to crops, wild animals and natural ecosystems (Fisher MC, Henk DA, Briggs CJ, Brownstein JS, Madoff LC, McCraw SL, ...

    Authors: Marina Pais, Kentaro Yoshida, Artemis Giannakopoulou, Mathieu A. Pel, Liliana M. Cano, Ricardo F. Oliva, Kamil Witek, Hannele Lindqvist-Kreuze, Vivianne G. A. A. Vleeshouwers and Sophien Kamoun

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:93

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