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Table 2 Genetic diversity and population differentiation estimates in ancient and extant Norway spruce (Picea abies) populations based on six cpDNA loci

From: Population dynamics and genetic changes of Picea abies in the South Carpathians revealed by pollen and ancient DNA analyses

   No. haplo-types Haplotype diversity (Hd) Nucleotide diversity (π) Average no. differences (k) Fst Ks Kst  
B Ancient 3 0.8333 0.0038 2.6667 0.0000 0.9208 0.0000 ns
  Extant 5 0.5777 0.0005 0.8004     
D Ancient 2 0.5333 0.5333 0.5333 0.3266 0.3592 0.0937 **
  Extant 3 0.3001 0.3410 0.3409     
TL Ancient 3 0.3846 0.0026 0.7912 0.0580 0.1842 0.4248 *
  Extant 2 0.0351 0.0001 0.0351     
Li Ancient 2 0.6667 0.0028 0.6667 0.4569 0.1 0.2304 **
  Extant 3 0.0696 0.0003 0.0702     
LF Ancient 1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0938 0.2458 0.0036 ns
  Extant 3 0.2500 0.0014 0.2544     
K2i Ancient 1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0333 0.0000 ns
  Extant 2 0.0351 0.0002 0.0351     
  1. ** significant at p < 0.01; * significant at p < 0.05; ns - not significant