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Figure 3 | BMC Evolutionary Biology

Figure 3

From: Population structure of Bactrocera dorsalis s.s., B. papayae and B. philippinensis (Diptera: Tephritidae) in southeast Asia: evidence for a single species hypothesis using mitochondrial DNA and wing-shape data

Figure 3

Linear regression analysis of genetic and wing shape data for B. dorsalis s.l. against geographic distances between sample sites. Linear regression analysis of genetic (pairwise ΦST) and Mahalanobis distances (from CVA) among groups against geographic distances between sample sites (km) for both the ‘Euclidean’ (left) and ‘non-Euclidean’ (right) comparisons. (a) = Map of southeast Asia region showing Euclidean geographic distance measures; (b) = Map of region showing ‘non-Euclidean’ geographic distances; (c) = Mahalanobis distance vs Euclidean distance; (d) = Mahalanobis distances vs ‘non-Euclidean’ distance; (e) = Genetic distance vs Euclidean distance; (f) = Genetic distance vs ‘non-Euclidean’ distance.

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