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Table 2 Frequency distribution of ancient Y-chromosome haplogroups in the extant populations of East Asia and North Asia

From: Y Chromosome analysis of prehistoric human populations in the West Liao River Valley, Northeast China

Geographical region Population Size other N* N1 (×N1c,N1a) N1c C* C3e O* O3a (×O3a3c) O3a3c Literature
West Liao-River valley
  Prehistoric Population 32 0 0 50.0 9.4 3.1 3.1 0 15.6 6.3 This study
South East Asia
  Buyi 35 5.7 5.7 0 0 0 0 60.0 17.1 11.4 Xue YL,2006
  Li 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 97.1 0 2.9 Xue YL,2006
  She 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 85.7 0 14.2 Sengupta S,2006
  She 34 0 0 0 0 2.9 44.4 29.4 23.5 Xue YL,2006
  She 51 0 0 0 0 0 0 94.1 0 5.9 Hammer F,2006
  Hani 34 1 0 11.8 0 17.6 52.9 0 14.7 Xue YL,2006
  Yao (Bama) 35 5.7 2.9 0 0 17.1 42.9 34.3 0 Xue YL,2006
  Yao (Liannan) 35 0 0 0 0 2.9 25.7 51.4 20.0 Xue YL,2006
  Qiang 33 33.3 0 0 0 0 0 39.4 6.1 21.2 Xue YL,2006
  Yi 43 25.6 0 30.2 0 2.3 16.3 0 27.9 Hammer F,2006
  Han (Chengdu) 34 0 0 2.9 0 11.8 55.9 0 29.4 Xue YL,2006
North East Asia
  Han (Harbin) 35 2.9 0 2.9 2.9 14.3 40.0 0 37.1 Xue YL,2006
  Han (Yili) 32 25.0 0 0 0 6.3 53.1 6.3 9.4 Xue YL,2006
  Han 44 13.6 2.3 6.8 0 4.5 31.8 0 40.9 Hammer F,2006
  Ewenki 26 7.7 0 0 0 57.7 15.4 0 19.2 Xue YL,2006
  Ewenki 57 66.7 31.6 1.8 Zhong H,2010
  Hezhe (Heilongjiang) 45 2.2 0 17.8 0 28.9 31.1 0 20.0 Xue YL,2006
  Manchu (Liaonign) 52 9.6 1.9 3.8 0 26.9 42.3 0 15.4 Hammer F,2006
  Manchu 35 5.7 5.7 8.6 0 25.7 34.3 0 20.0 Xue YL,2006
  Mongolian 149 14.1 0 6.0 2.0 52.3 9.4 0 16.1 Hammer F,2006
  Mongolian (innermongolia) 22 22.7 4.5 50.0 4.5 18.2 Zhong H,2010
  Mongolian (innermongolia) 45 8.9 0 0 13.3 46.7 13.3 0 17.8 Xue YL,2006
  Mongolian 65 23.1 0 3.1 7.7 53.8 6.2 0 6.2 Xue YL,2006
  Uygur (Urumqi) 31 77.4 0 9.7 0 3.2 3.2 0 6.4 Xue YL,2006
  Uygur (Yili) 39 66.7 0 25.6 5.1 10.3 5.1 0 10.3 Xue YL,2006
  Korea (Yanji) 25 12.0 0 4.0 0 12.0 56.0 0 16.0 Xue YL,2006
  Xibe (Xinjiang) 41 19.5 2.4 9.8 4.9 26.8 19.5 0 17.1 Xue YL,2006
  Xibe (Xinjiang) 61 6.6 18.0 26.2 9.8 39.3 Zhong H,2010
  Oroqen 31 3.2 0 6.5 0 61.3 16.1 6.5 6.5 Xue YL,2006
  Oroqen 7 0 0 0 28.6 71.4 0 0 0 Sengupta S,2006
  Oroqen 22 0 0 0 4.5 90.9 4.5 0 0 Hammer F,2006
  Japan 47 59.6 38.3 4.3 0 10.6 2.1 0 21.3 Xue YL,2006
  Japan 23 78.3 0 0 0 13.0 0 0 2 Sengupta S,2006
  Dawoer 39 7.7 0 0 7.7 30.8 46.2 0 7.7 Xue YL,2006
  Hui (Ningxia) 62 37.1 8.1 17.7 1.6 35.5 Zhong H,2010
  Hui 35 48.6 0 0 0 22.9 22.9 0 5.7 Xue YL,2006
  Tibetan 35 51.4 0 8.6 0 0 0 0 0 40.0 Xue YL,2006
  Tibetan 105 59.0 0 2.9 0 1.9 2.9 0 34.3 Hammer F,2006
North Asia
  Tuvan 55 45.5 0 10.9 27.3 14.5 0 1.8 0 0 Pakendorf B_2006
  Yakut 184 3.3 0 0.5 94.0 2.2 0 0 0 0 Pakendorf B_2006
  Evenk 40 2.5 0 27.5 0 70.0 0 0 0 0 Pakendorf B_2006
  1. Note:
  2. 1. South East Asia and North East Asia populations are defined by the geographic separation of Yangtze River.
  3. 2. 一 indicates that no data exists for this population.
  4. 3. The * refer to all the other sub-haplogroups not used in this study.