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Table 4 M -ratio simulations for the temporal groups

From: Living on the edge: reconstructing the genetic history of the Finnish wolf population

Table a) shows the proportion of simulated equilibrium populations with smaller than observed M- ratio
a) Before 1920, N= 12, M= 0.794 1960 - 1979, N =22, M= 0.910
  Θ     Θ    
pg 0.04 0.08 0.2 0.4 0.04 0.08 0.2 0.4
0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.002
0.05 0 0 0 0 0.030 0.039 0.059 0.112
0.1 0.001 0.002 0.003 0.005 0.149 0.166 0.224 0.342
0.2 0.025 0.035 0.049 0.088 0.510 0.552 0.642 0.754
0.3 0.147 0.166 0.217 0.327 0.803 0.832 0.889 0.944
  1980 - 1993, N =18, M= 0.856 1995-2009, N= 30 , M= 0.869
0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.05 0.002 0.001 0.004 0.009 0.003 0.004 0.008 0.016
0.1 0.021 0.025 0.040 0.071 0.032 0.037 0.064 0.104
0.2 0.182 0.199 0.264 0.380 0.243 0.255 0.331 0.468
0.3 0.487 0.587 0.597 0.719 0.561 0.594 0.688 0.782
Table b) shows the corresponding Mc -values (limit for 5% of simulations with lowest M -ratio)
b) Before 1920, N= 12, M= 0.794 1960 - 1979, N =22, M= 0.910
  Θ     Θ    
pg 0.04 0.08 0.2 0.4 0.04 0.08 0.2 0.4
0.0 0.978 0.978 0.956 0.940 0.978 0.978 0.960 0.948
0.05 0.919 0.914 0.901 0.887 0.921 0.916 0.904 0.892
0.1 0.878 0.875 0.862 0.846 0.881 0.876 0.863 0.848
0.2 0.813 0.807 0.794 0.774 0.812 0.809 0.797 0.780
0.3 0.752 0.752 0.736 0.719 0.755 0.749 0.737 0.717
  1980 - 1993, N =18, M= 0.856 1995-2009, N= 30 , M= 0.869
0.0 0.978 0.978 0.957 0.944 0.978 0.978 0.961 0.951
0.05 0.919 0.913 0.904 0.890 0.919 0.916 0.906 0.894
0.1 0.878 0.877 0.862 0.848 0.880 0.877 0.866 0.850
0.2 0.812 0.806 0.795 0.778 0.812 0.811 0.795 0.778
0.3 0.756 0.752 0.740 0.721 0.756 0.750 0.739 0.720
  1. Used constant values for simulations: μ = 2 × 10-4 and δ g  = 3.1. Significant MC-values in Table b) are bolded. Sample from 1920–1959 was not tested owing to small sample size.
  2. N = number of samples, M = average M-ratio over all loci, Θ = 4Neμ, pg = proportion of not single-step mutations and δg = mean step size.