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Table 3 Overview of empirical datasets used to estimate developmental noise and the distribution of variation in DS simultaneously.

From: Modelling developmental instability as the joint action of noise and stability: a Bayesian approach

'Speciesa Trait Sample size Rb
Winter moth (Operophtera brumata)1 tibia length 728 0.50
Indian meal moth (Plodia interpunctella)2 tibia length 433 0.56
Greenfinch (Carduelis chloris)3 femur length 452 0.22
Greenfinch (Carduelis chloris)3 mandibular foramen 452 0.18
Greenfinch (Carduelis chloris)3 humerus lengthc 433 0.04NS
Greenfinch (Carduelis chloris)3 ulna lengthc 443 0.10NS
White-starred robin (Pogonocichla stellata)4 eye stripe length 214 0.49
Taita thrush (Turdus helleri)4 tarsus length 313 0.37
  1. a References: 1) [25]; 2) [26]; 3) Karvonen, Merilä, Rintamäki & Van Dongen., unpublished; 4) [27b significantly larger than zero unless mentioned otherwise (NS: p > 0.05) c MCMC showed no convergence when analysed