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Table 1 MANOVAs of the effects of POPULATION, HISTORY and their interaction on the overall morphometry and on the overall behaviour of the four groups of locusts.

From: Genetic variation for parental effects on the propensity to gregarise in Locusta migratoria

Data Source DF Wilks' Λ F P
Morphometry POPULATION 4 0.5182 20.5 < 0.0001
  HISTORY 4 0.7750 6.4 0.0001
  POPULATION × HISTORY 4 0.8090 5.2 0.0008
  Residual 88    
Behaviour POPULATION 11 0.6435 16.8 < 0.0001
  HISTORY 11 0.9060 3.1 0.0005
  POPULATION × HISTORY 11 0.8740 4.2 < 0.0001
  Residual 331    
  1. The four MANOVA test statistics Wilks' Λ, Pillai's trace, Hotelling-Lawley trace and Roy's maximum root concluded that H0 is rejected for each source of variation for both morphometric and behavioural data. The results presented in the table are those obtained with Wilks' Λ test statistic.