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Table 3 Bayesian 95% confidence intervals in millions of years for nodes shown in Figure 1.

From: Impact of duplicate gene copies on phylogenetic analysis and divergence time estimates in butterflies

Node Node name Slow (70 Ma) Fast (70 Ma) Slow (100 Ma) Fast (100 Ma)
1 Papilio 47.2–64.8 45.4–64.8 47.8–64.8 45.8–64.7
2 Colias + Pieris 56.4–94.1 70.6–115.0 56.6–94.7 70.7–115.3
3 Agriades + Polyommatus 7.6–20.5 7.7–17.4 7.6–21.8 7.8–17.3
4 L. helloides + L. nivalis 3.8–10.0 5.4–12.8 3.8–10.3 5.5–12.7
5 (L. helloides + L. nivalis) L. heteronea 7.5–18.4 9.5–21.3 7.6–18.8 9.6–21.0
6 ((L. helloides + L. nivalis) L. heteronea) L. rubidus 13.5–31.2 16.9–35.3 13.6–31.8 17.0–35.3
7 Lycaeninae + Satyrium 45.0–77.4 46.8–80.2 45.3–79.0 47.3–80.9
8 (Lycaeninae + Satyrium) (Agriades + Polyommatus) 56.3–93.0 61.0–100.7 56.4–94.2 61.7–101.6
9 Lycaenidae + Apodemia 83.6–135.1 93.6–148.1 83.4–136.2 94.6–149.6
10 Danaus 15.1–34.7 17.6–35.8 15.3–35.6 17.9–35.6
11 Neomimois + Oeneis 17.9–38.0 19.7–38.6 17.7–38.2 19.8–39.5
12 (N. ridingsii + O. chryxus) C. tullia 49.7–81.7 54.1–88.2 49.7–82.0 54.7–89.5
13 ((N. ridingsii + O. chryxus) C. tullia) Bicyclus 58.6–93.3 64.4–101.6 58.4–93.6 64.8–102.9
14 Heliconius 12.3–25.3 13.6–25.9 12.4–25.6 13.5–26.1
15 Heliconius + Agraulis 24.0–43.4 26.2–45.8 24.1–43.6 26.3–45.8
16 (Heliconius +Agraulis) Speyeria 41.2–66.8 44.8–72.1 41.4–67.1 45.3–72.6
17 Limenitis 4.7–13.6 5.2–12.1 4.7–13.5 5.3–12.1
18 Limenitis + node 16 55.0–84.8 60.1–93.1 54.8–85.0 60.7–94.0
19 Vanessa + Nymphalis 34.1–45.1 34.1–45.5 34.1–45.5 34.1–45.9
20 (Vanessa + Nymphalis) Euphydryas 52.2–75.3 55.7–80.6 52.0–75.4 55.9–81.6
21 Node 18 + Node 20 70.0–107.3 78.3–119.1 69.8–108.1 78.9–120.3
22 Node 21 + Node 13 78.8–123.8 89.6–138.1 78.5–124.8 90.4–139.5
23 Node 22 + Node 10 86.1–138.2 100.1–156.7 85.6–138.5 101.3–158.3
24 Node 23 + Node 9 93.3–152.7 109.1–173.2 92.9–153.6 110.3–175.2
25 Node 24 + Node 2 101.1–170.0 118.5–190.0 100.6–170.1 119.7–192.0
26 Node 25 + Node 1 113.1–197.4 132.5–216.2 112.8–197.9 134.0–218.9
  1. Estimates were calculated using combined data sets including slow and fast evolving opsin copies. These results were obtained using a prior distribution for the age of the ingroup node (root age) of either 70 (± 70) or 100 (± 100) Ma, a rate of evolution of 0.002 substitutions per site per million years and brownmean value of 0.02.