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Table 3 Estimates of populations sizes, migration rates and effective number of migrants for pairwise population comparisons. Upper and lower confidence limits of 95 % highest posterior probability intervals are given for each parameter. Demographic estimates were calculated using COI sequence mutation rate of 7.313 × 10−6 mutations per site per year. Population migration rates, 2Ne0 m0>1 and 2Ne1 m1>0 are scaled by effective population sizes, where 2Ne0 m0>1 is the effective number of migrants into population 1 from population 0 and 2Ne1 m1>0 is the effective number of migrants into population 0 from population 1. q0, q1 and qA are the estimates of population size for populations 0, population 1 and ancestral population, respectively

From: Phylogeographic data revealed shallow genetic structure in the kelp Saccharina japonica (Laminariales, Phaeophyta)

  q0 q1 qA t0 (Ma) 2Ne0 m0>1 2Ne1 m1>0
Pair 1 (WS versus VL): 0 = pop21&pop22; 1 = pop15,pop16,pop17&pop18
HiPt 136674 15384 683.7 0.0001 0.8996 22.49
HPD95Lo 269338 41775 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
HPD95Hi 15515528 136674 10250581 1123342 378.1 25255
Pair 2 (WA versus SH): 0 = pop1&pop2; 1 = pop12
HiPt 263230 1308 37604 0.6033 44.98 0.3907
HPD95Lo 71790 282.0 0.0 0.1132 0.0 0.0
HPD95Hi 6327772 9051 1297005 1.0934 2822 2.030
Pair 3 (WA, HA & SH versus VL & WS): 0 = pop1,pop2,pop7&pop12; 1 = pop15-18,pop21&pop22
HiPt 133837 54184 72645 0.0554 0.02359 0.007412
HPD95Lo 68200 22050 0.0 0.0226 0.0 0.0
HPD95Hi 259299 115719 316047 1.3667 7.147 2.780