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Fig. 5 | BMC Evolutionary Biology

Fig. 5

From: Divergent evolutionary and epidemiological dynamics of cassava mosaic geminiviruses in Madagascar

Fig. 5

Spatial population structure revealed through spatial principal components analyses. Spatial Principal Components Analyses of the Madagascan EACMV-like DNA-A core CP (a), EACMV-like DNA-B (b) and ACMV DNA-B (c) sequences. The locations of samples are represented with squares coloured according to a black to white gradient corresponding to the eigenvalues for the first axis of the sPCA. The p-values of the global spatial structure detected in each dataset are presented

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