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Table 2 Hierarchical AMOVAs for SCOT variation surveyed in C. coggygria

From: Landscape genomics reveal that ecological character determines adaptation: a case study in smoke tree (Cotinus coggygria Scop.)

Source of variation d.f. %Total variance F-statistic P-value
Non-hierarchical AMOVAs
 Total 14 11.52% F ST = 0.115 P < 0.001
 East group 4 5.34% F ST = 0.053 P < 0.001
 West group 9 11.73% F ST = 0.117 P < 0.001
Hierarchical AMOVAs
 Among two groups 1 5.30% F CT = 0.053 P < 0.05
 Among populations 13 8.65% F SC = 0.091 P < 0.001
 Within populations 141 86.06% F ST = 0.139 P < 0.001