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Table 4 Results of single and partial Mantel tests on populations of the species studied herein, showing the correlation between two matrices

From: Genetic and morphological divergence among three closely related Phrynocephalus species (Agamidae)

Single Mantel test r P value Partial Mantel test r P value
Geographic distance vs Climate PC1 0.691 0.001 Holding geographic distance constant   
Geographic distance vs Climate PC2 −0.029 0.557 Climate PC1 vs Male morphology PC1 0.254 0.019
Geographic distance vs Male morphology PC1 0.294 0.022 Climate PC1 vs Male morphology PC2 −0.187 0.999
Geographic distance vs Male morphology PC2 0.006 0.439 Climate PC1 vs Female morphology PC1 0.237 0.021
Geographic distance vs Female morphology PC1 0.303 0.012 Climate PC1 vs Female morphology PC2 −0.171 0.988
Geographic distance vs Female morphology PC2 0.005 0.445 Climate PC1 vs Genetic distance 1 0.130 0.139
Geographic distance vs Genetic distance 1 0.388 0.006 Climate PC1 vs Genetic distance 2 0.097 0.252
Geographic distance vs Genetic distance 2 0.192 0.121 Holding climate PC1 constant   
Climate PC1 vs Male morphology PC1 0.379 0.001 Genetic distance 1 vs Male morphology PC1 0.187 0.106
Climate PC1 vs Male morphology PC2 −0.131 0.928 Genetic distance 1 vs Female morphology PC1 0.176 0.115
Climate PC1 vs Female morphology PC1 0.371 0.002    
Climate PC1 vs Female morphology PC2 −0.120 0.894    
Climate PC1 vs Genetic distance 1 0.355 0.003    
Climate PC1 vs Genetic distance 2 0.201 0.065    
Male morphology PC1 vs genetic distance 1 0.296 0.012    
Male morphology PC2 vs genetic distance 1 −0.112 0.842    
Female morphology PC1 vs genetic distance 1 0.284 0.009    
Female morphology PC2 vs genetic distance 1 −0.122 0.845    
Male morphology PC1 vs genetic distance 2 0.070 0.292    
Male morphology PC2 vs genetic distance 2 0.134 0.146    
Female morphology PC1 vs genetic distance 2 0.060 0.326    
Female morphology PC2 vs genetic distance 2 0.114 0.220    
Genetic distance 1 vs genetic distance 2 0.175 0.135    
  1. P values indicate the significance of a two-tailed test following 1000 simulations, and boldface type indicates differ significantly (P < 0.05). Genetic distance 1 and 2 were inferred from the ND4 gene and SSR, respectively