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  1. Content type: Research article

    Volvocine algae provide a suitable model for investigation of the evolution of multicellular organisms. Within this group, evolution of the body plan from flattened to spheroidal colonies is thought to have oc...

    Authors: Shota Yamashita and Hisayoshi Nozaki

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:120

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  2. Content type: Research article

    There is a biogeographic break located at 30°S in the southeast Pacific, in a coastal area of strong environmental discontinuities. Several marine benthic taxa with restricted dispersal have a coincident phylo...

    Authors: Pilar A. Haye, Nicolás I. Segovia, Andrea I. Varela, Rodrigo Rojas, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira and Martin Thiel

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:118

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The branchiostegal series consists of an alignment of bony elements in the posterior portion of the skull of osteichthyan vertebrates. We trace the evolution of the number of elements in a comprehensive survey...

    Authors: Eduardo Ascarrunz, Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra, Ricardo Betancur-R and Michel Laurin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:117

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Our ability to investigate processes shaping the evolutionary diversification of corals (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) is limited by a lack of understanding of species boundaries. Discerning species of corals has been c...

    Authors: Andrea M. Quattrini, Tiana Wu, Keryea Soong, Ming-Shiou Jeng, Yehuda Benayahu and Catherine S. McFadden

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:116

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) is the world’s highest and largest plateau, but the role of its uplift in the evolution of species or biotas still remains poorly known. Toad-headed lizards of the reproductiv...

    Authors: Chao-Chao Hu, Yan-Qing Wu, Li Ma, Yi-Jing Chen and Xiang Ji

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:114

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The Taklimakan Desert in China is characterized by unique geological and historical dynamics and endemic flora and fauna, but the influence of historical climate oscillations on the evolutionary history of end...

    Authors: Brawin Kumar, Jilong Cheng, Deyan Ge, Lin Xia and Qisen Yang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:113

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  7. Content type: Research article

    A major focus of evolutionary biology is the formation of reproductive barriers leading to divergence and ultimately, speciation. Often, it is not clear whether the separation of populations is complete or if ...

    Authors: Pnina Cohen and Eyal Privman

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:111

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and interior spruce (Picea glauca, Picea engelmannii, and their hybrids) are distantly related conifer species. Previous studies identified 47 genes containing variants associated ...

    Authors: Mengmeng Lu, Kathryn A. Hodgins, Jon C. Degner and Sam Yeaman

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:110

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Male genitals have repeatedly evolved left-right asymmetries, and the causes of such evolution remain unclear. The Drosophila nannoptera group contains four species, among which three exhibit left-right asymmetri...

    Authors: Andrea E. Acurio, Flor T. Rhebergen, Sarah Paulus, Virginie Courtier-Orgogozo and Michael Lang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:109

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Avian avulavirus (commonly known as avian paramyxovirus-1 or APMV-1) can cause disease of varying severity in both domestic and wild birds. Understanding how viruses move among hosts and geography would be use...

    Authors: Joseph T. Hicks, Kiril M. Dimitrov, Claudio L. Afonso, Andrew M. Ramey and Justin Bahl

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:108

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In the arms race between hosts and parasites, genes involved in the immune response are targets for natural selection. Toll-Like Receptor (TLR) genes play a role in parasite detection as part of the innate imm...

    Authors: Jennifer Antonides, Samarth Mathur, Mekala Sundaram, Robert Ricklefs and J. Andrew DeWoody

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:107

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Sparid fishes of the genus Diplodus show a complex life history. Juveniles have adaptations well suited to life in the water column. When fishes recruit into the adult population, individuals develop a radically ...

    Authors: Paolo Colangelo, Daniele Ventura, Paolo Piras, Jacopo Pagani Guazzugli Bonaiuti and Giandomenico Ardizzone

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:106

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The Pleistocene cyclic sea-level fluctuations are thought to have markedly affected the distribution and genetic architecture of Atlanto-Mediterranean biota. Despite the acknowledged key role played by these h...

    Authors: Temim Deli, Christina Kiel and Christoph D. Schubart

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:105

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The Psittaciformes (parrots and cockatoos) are characterised by their large beaks, and are renowned for their ability to produce high bite forces. These birds also possess a suite of modifications to their cra...

    Authors: Jen A. Bright, Jesús Marugán-Lobón, Emily J. Rayfield and Samuel N. Cobb

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:104

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The S100A7 gene, also called psoriasin, was first described as an upregulated protein in psoriatic skin. For the past years, the importance of this protein as a key effector of innate immunity has been clearly es...

    Authors: Ana Águeda-Pinto, L. Filipe C. Castro and Pedro J. Esteves

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:102

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  16. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the original article [1], the authors have notified us that the incorrect version of Fig. 4 was used. Below you can find the both incorrect and correct versions of the figure.

    Authors: Agnes Piecyk, Olivia Roth and Martin Kalbe

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:101

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    The original article was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:80

  17. Content type: Research article

    Cellulose, a major polysaccharide of the plant cell wall, consists of β-1,4-linked glucose moieties forming a molecular network recalcitrant to enzymatic breakdown. Although cellulose is potentially a rich sou...

    Authors: André Busch, Etienne G. J. Danchin and Yannick Pauchet

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:100

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  18. Content type: Research article

    RNA interference (RNAi) related pathways provide defense against viruses and transposable elements, and have been implicated in the suppression of meiotic drive elements. Genes in these pathways often exhibit ...

    Authors: Danang Crysnanto and Darren J. Obbard

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:99

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The Micronycterinae form a subfamily of leaf-nosed bats (Phyllostomidae) that contains the genera Lampronycteris Sanborn, 1949, and Micronycteris Gray, 1866 (stricto sensu), and is characterized by marked karyoty...

    Authors: T. C. M. Benathar, C. Y. Nagamachi, L. R. R. Rodrigues, P. C. M. O’Brien, M. A. Ferguson-Smith, F. Yang and J. C. Pieczarka

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:98

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Animals have a greater diversity of signalling pathways than their unicellular relatives, consistent with the evolution and expansion of these pathways occurring in parallel with the origin of animal multicell...

    Authors: Arunkumar Krishnan, Bernard M. Degnan and Sandie M. Degnan

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:96

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have demonstrated that Bayesian species delimitation based on the multispecies coalescent model can produce inaccurate results by misinterpreting population splits as species divergences. An app...

    Authors: Kin Onn Chan and L. Lee Grismer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:95

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Cichlids are a prime model system in evolutionary research and several of the most prominent examples of adaptive radiations are found in the East African Lakes Tanganyika, Malawi and Victoria, all part of the...

    Authors: Frederic Dieter Benedikt Schedel, Zuzana Musilova and Ulrich Kurt Schliewen

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:94

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Tropical rainforests (TRFs) harbour almost half of the world’s vascular plant species diversity while covering only about 6–7% of land. However, why species richness varies amongst the Earth’s major TRF region...

    Authors: Alexander Gamisch and Hans Peter Comes

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:93

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Hyperdiverse mtDNA with more than 5% of variable synonymous nucleotide sites can lead to erroneous interpretations of population genetic differentiation patterns and parameters (φST, DEST). We illustrate this by ...

    Authors: S. Fourdrilis and T. Backeljau

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:92

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:103

  25. Content type: Research article

    Color and pattern phenotypes have clear implications for survival and reproduction in many species. However, the mechanisms that produce this coloration are still poorly characterized, especially at the genomi...

    Authors: Adam M. M. Stuckert, Emily Moore, Kaitlin P. Coyle, Ian Davison, Matthew D. MacManes, Reade Roberts and Kyle Summers

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:85

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Many species of snakes exhibit epidermal surface nanostructures that form complex motifs conferring self-cleaning properties, and sometimes structural iridescence, to their skin.

    Authors: Marcelle I. Arrigo, Luis M. De Oliveira Vilaca, Anamarija Fofonjka, Achyuthan N. Srikanthan, Adrien Debry and Michel C. Milinkovitch

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:91

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Different population trajectories are expected to impact the signature of neutral and adaptive processes at multiple levels, challenging the assessment of the relative roles of different microevolutionary forc...

    Authors: Rita G. Rocha, Vanessa Magalhães, José V. López-Bao, Wessel van der Loo, Luis Llaneza, Francisco Alvares, Pedro J. Esteves and Raquel Godinho

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:90

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Standard evolutionary theories of aging postulate that reduced extrinsic mortality leads to evolution of longevity. Clownfishes of the genus Amphiprion live in a symbiotic relationship with sea anemones that p...

    Authors: Arne Sahm, Pedro Almaida-Pagán, Martin Bens, Mirko Mutalipassi, Alejandro Lucas-Sánchez, Jorge de Costa Ruiz, Matthias Görlach and Alessandro Cellerino

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:89

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Local adaptation of marine and diadromous species is thought to be a product of larval dispersal, settlement mortality, and differential reproductive success, particularly in heterogeneous post-settlement habi...

    Authors: Kristine N. Moody, Johanna L. K. Wren, Donald R. Kobayashi, Michael J. Blum, Margaret B. Ptacek, Richard W. Blob, Robert J. Toonen, Heiko L. Schoenfuss and Michael J. Childress

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:88

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Parasitic plants rely on their host to cover their nutritional requirements either for their entire life or a smaller part of it. Depending on the level of parasitism, a proportional reduction on the plastid g...

    Authors: Athanasios Zervas, Gitte Petersen and Ole Seberg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:87

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The Scalidophora (Kinorhyncha, Loricifera and Priapulida) have an important phylogenetic position as early branching ecdysozoans, yet the architecture of their nervous organ systems is notably underinvestigate...

    Authors: María Herranz, Brian S. Leander, Fernando Pardos and Michael J. Boyle

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:86

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The genus Streptococcus comprises pathogens that strongly influence the health of humans and animals. Genome sequencing of multiple Streptococcus strains demonstrated high variability in gene content and order ev...

    Authors: Pavel V. Shelyakin, Olga O. Bochkareva, Anna A. Karan and Mikhail S. Gelfand

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:83

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Species diversity is determined by both local environmental conditions that control differentiation and extinction and the outcome of large-scale processes that affect migration. The latter primarily comprises...

    Authors: Qian H. Gu, Martin Husemann, Hui H. Wu, Jing Dong, Chuan J. Zhou, Xian F. Wang, Yun N. Gao, Man Zhang, Guo R. Zhu and Guo X. Nie

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:82

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Congruent patterns in the distribution of biodiversity between regions or habitats suggest that key factors such as climatic and topographic variation may predictably shape evolutionary processes. In a number ...

    Authors: Paul M. Oliver, Lauren G. Ashman, Sarah Bank, Rebecca J. Laver, Renae C. Pratt, Leonardo G. Tedeschi and Craig C. Moritz

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:81

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Host genotype - parasite genotype co-evolutionary dynamics are influenced by local biotic and abiotic environmental conditions. This results in spatially heterogeneous selection among host populations. How suc...

    Authors: Agnes Piecyk, Olivia Roth and Martin Kalbe

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:80

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:101

  36. Content type: Research article

    DNA barcoding has been developed as a useful tool for species discrimination. Several sequence-based species delimitation methods, such as Barcode Index Number (BIN), REfined Single Linkage (RESL), Automatic B...

    Authors: Zhijun Zhou, Huifang Guo, Li Han, Jinyan Chai, Xuting Che and Fuming Shi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:79

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Dictyostelid cellular slime molds (dictyostelids) are microscopic throughout their entire life cycle. The vegetative phase consists of single-celled amoeboid forms which live in the soil/leaf litter microhabit...

    Authors: Pu Liu, Yue Zou, Jiangan Hou, Steven L. Stephenson and Yu Li

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:78

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Transcription factors (TFs) play a key role in regulating plant development and response to environmental stimuli. While most genes revert to single copy after whole genome duplication (WGD) event, transcripti...

    Authors: Nicholas L. Panchy, Christina B. Azodi, Eamon F. Winship, Ronan C. O’Malley and Shin-Han Shiu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:77

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Self-powered flight is one of the most energy-intensive types of locomotion found in vertebrates. It is also associated with a range of extreme morpho-physiological adaptations that evolved independently in th...

    Authors: Camilo López-Aguirre, Suzanne J. Hand, Daisuke Koyabu, Nguyen Truong Son and Laura A. B. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:75

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Synbranchidae or swamp eels are fishes belonging to the order Synbranchiformes that occur in both freshwater and occasionally in brackish. They are worldwide distributed in tropical and subtropical rivers of f...

    Authors: Weerayuth Supiwong, Krit Pinthong, Kriengkrai Seetapan, Pasakorn Saenjundaeng, Luiz A. C. Bertollo, Ezequiel A. de Oliveira, Cassia F. Yano, Thomas Liehr, Sumalee Phimphan, Alongklod Tanomtong and Marcelo B Cioffi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:73

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Frizzled family members belong to G-protein coupled receptors and encode proteins accountable for cell signal transduction, cell proliferation and cell death. Members of Frizzled receptor family are considered...

    Authors: Suman Seemab, Nashaiman Pervaiz, Rabail Zehra, Saneela Anwar, Yiming Bao and Amir Ali Abbasi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:72

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Medullary bone (MB) is an estrogen-dependent, sex-specific tissue produced by female birds during lay and inferred to be present in extinct avemetatarsalians (bird-line archosaurs). Although preliminary studie...

    Authors: Aurore Canoville, Mary H. Schweitzer and Lindsay E. Zanno

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:71

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Much of the debate over the evolutionary consequences of hybridization on genetic divergence and speciation results from the breakdown or reinforcement of reproductive barriers in secondary hybrid zones. Among...

    Authors: Wan-Jin Liao, Bi-Ru Zhu, Yue-Fei Li, Xiao-Meng Li, Yan-Fei Zeng and Da-Yong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:70

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